主 办:北 京 中 医 药 大 学
ISSN 1006-2157 CN 11-3574/R

北京中医药大学学报 ›› 2015, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (4): 284-288.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-2157.2015.04.014

• 调查报告 • 上一篇    

北京社区居民对中医预防保健服务需求的调查与分析*

罗富健,王宋颖,高莉敏#   

  1. 北京中医药大学管理学院 北京 100029
  • 收稿日期:2014-05-13 出版日期:2015-04-15 发布日期:2015-04-15
  • 通讯作者: 高莉敏,女,硕士,教授,研究方向:卫生管理、健康评价,E-mail:limingao188@163.com
  • 作者简介:罗富健,男,在读硕士生
  • 基金资助:
    *北京市中医药管理局复合型中医药学术带头人培养项目(No. 0102012)

Investigation of residents’ demand for community healthcare of Traditional Chinese medicine in Beijing*

LUO Fu-Jian,WANG Song-Ying,GAO Li-Min#   

  1. School of Management,Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100029
  • Received:2014-05-13 Online:2015-04-15 Published:2015-04-15

摘要: 目的 调查北京社区居民对中医预防保健服务的需求,分析影响需求的因素,为社区全面推广中医预防保健服务提供科学依据。方法 对3个社区的900位居民进行问卷调查,并分别访谈3个社区卫生机构负责人。结果 57.1%的居民希望通过电视广播获得中医预防保健知识;高血压病、骨关节退行性病、糖尿病和便秘患者愿意参与或尝试中医预防保健服务的比例分别为51.1%、49.6%、47.0%和44.6%;居民中愿意接受拔罐、针灸、推拿、药膳、膏方的比例分别为34.7%、28.9%、22.5%、21.9%和21.7%。若中医预防保健服务不纳入医保,愿意接受服务的居民仅为26.5%。结论 居民对中医预防保健服务有较大需求,特别是老年人和慢性病患者;男性对拔罐、推拿的接受程度均高于女性,老年人更愿意接受针灸和药膳,居民对膏方、拔罐的接受度与受教育程度呈正相关。针对不同需求的居民,应采用不同的推广策略和措施,加快中医预防保健在社区的普及。

关键词: 社区, 中医预防保健服务, 需求, 调查问卷

Abstract: Objective To find out the influence factors on demands for community healthcare of TCM in Beijing, and to provide evidence for promotion of TCM healthcare service. Methods 900 residents in three communities were included to complete the questionnaire, with recovery rate of 99.4% (895/900). Besides, each principal of the community healthcare institute was reviewed. Results 57.1% of the residents hoped to obtain TCM healthcare knowledge on TV or broadcast. 51.1% of hypertension patients, 49.6% of degenerative bone and joint disease patients, 47.0% of diabetes patients and 44.6% of constipation patients expected to be treated by TCM healthcare service. 34.7% of residents would receive cupping treatment, 28.9% would receive acupuncture, 22.5% would be massaged, 21.9% and 21.7% would take medicinal diet and herbal paste correspondingly. However, if TCM healthcare services are not included in the medical insurance system, only 26.5% of residents would receive them. Conclusion Elderly persons and chronic disease patients had strong demands for TCM healthcare services. The ratio of men who would take cupping treatment and massage was more than that of women. Acupuncture treatment and medicinal diet were the most common choice in elderly persons. The acceptability of residents taking herbal paste and cupping treatment was positively correlated with their educational level. As the results, according to different demands, promotion strategy and methods should be performed to speed up the popularization of TCM healthcare in community.

Key words: community, TCM healthcare services, demand, questionnaire

中图分类号: 

  • R283