主 办:北 京 中 医 药 大 学
ISSN 1006-2157 CN 11-3574/R

北京中医药大学学报 ›› 2016, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (3): 181-185.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-2157.2016.03.001

• 理论研究 •    下一篇

体验科学方法论视角下的辨证论治*

刘峰1,刘天君2#   

  1. 1 北京联合大学 北京 100075;
    2 北京中医药大学
  • 收稿日期:2015-10-30 出版日期:2016-03-30 发布日期:2016-03-30
  • 通讯作者: 刘天君,男,教授,博士生导师,主要研究方向:中医气功的临床与基础研究,E-mail:liutj2911@126.com
  • 作者简介:刘峰,男,博士,副教授,硕士生导师
  • 基金资助:
    *中国医学气功学会资助项目(No.YXQG2015011),北京市教委资助项目(No.SQKM201411417011)

Syndrome differentiation and treatment under view of experiential scientific methodology*

LIU Feng1, LIU Tianjun2#   

  1. 1 Beijing Union University, Beijing 100075;
    2 Beijing University of Chinese Medicine
  • Received:2015-10-30 Online:2016-03-30 Published:2016-03-30

摘要: 体验科学方法论具有典型中医特色,在哲学指导思想、观察内容、观察方法以及思辨方式上与现代医学所倡导的实验科学方法论具有明显的差别。具象思维是体验科学方法论的特征性思维方式,也是极具代表性的中医原创性思维方式。从辨证论治的历史发展源流来看,辨证论治是中医适应实验科学方法论的产物,具有明显的实验科学方法论痕迹,其发展也一直无法摆脱逻辑思维的束缚,虽然表面上倡导灵活,由于核心理念的精确化,实质上将中医引向模式化与僵化,成为纯粹形而上的逻辑思维、抽象思维。有鉴于此,有必要重视、培养并不断提高具有典型中医特色的具象思维能力,并逐渐淡化辨证论治的提法。

关键词: 体验科学方法论, 具象思维, 辨证论治

Abstract: Experiential scientific methodology, with the typical traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) characteristics, is distinct from experimental scientific methodology proposed by Western medicine. The deep differences are reflected in the philosophy of guiding thoughts, contents of observation, ways to observe, and mode of analyse mentally. Experiential methodology is characterized by concrete thinking, the most representional original thinking mode in TCM. Based on the historical development of syndrome differentiation and treatment, it was the product which TCM accommodated to experimental scientific methodology, with the obvious trace of experimental scientific methodology left. So its development failed to cast away from the bandage of logical thinking. In spite of advocating flexibility outwardly, it will actually lead Chinese medicine to be formulaic and ossified due to its accurate core-philosophy, will change the thinking mode into purely metaphysical logical thinking and abstract thinking, and will push inheritance and development of TCM onto a wrong way. As much, the ability of concrete thinking is very important, with typical TCM characteristics. It is necessary to develop, improve the ability of concrete thinking and ignore the term of “syndrome differentiation and treatment”.

Key words: experiential methodology, concrete thinking, syndrome differentiation and treatment

中图分类号: 

  • R2-03