主 办:北 京 中 医 药 大 学
ISSN 1006-2157 CN 11-3574/R

北京中医药大学学报 ›› 2016, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (6): 452-455.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-2157.2016.06.003

• 博士之光 • 上一篇    下一篇

中药小包装饮片的历史源流及其调剂规范化操作的思考*

翟华强1,田伟兰1,李睿1,陈琰1,金世元2,王永炎3   

  1. 1 北京中医药大学中药学院 北京 100102;
    2 北京卫生学校;
    3 中国中医科学院
  • 收稿日期:2015-12-07 出版日期:2016-06-30 发布日期:2016-06-30
  • 作者简介:翟华强,男,博士,副教授,副主任医师
  • 基金资助:
    *国家中医药管理局中医药标准化项目(No.ZYYS-201414)

Historical origin of small package of Chinese medicine decoction pieces and discussion on the standardized medication dispensing*

ZHAI Huaqiang1, TIAN Weilan1, LI Rui1, CHEN Yan1, JIN Shiyuan2, WANG Yongyan3   

  1. 1 School of Chinese Materia Medica, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100102;
    2 Beijing Health School;
    3 Chinese Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences
  • Received:2015-12-07 Online:2016-06-30 Published:2016-06-30

摘要: 目的 传承历代中药调剂操作经验,规范现代中药小包装饮片调剂操作技术。方法 通过查阅历代古籍和现代文献,系统整理和分析中药饮片小包装的历史渊源、使用利弊、包装选择、使用现状及调剂规程等五方面情况,回顾小包装饮片的发展历程,总结调剂操作经验,编排现代调剂操作规程。结果 中药小包装饮片调剂具有独特的优势,“审、摆、看、对、拿、掂、分、核、包、发”的“十字口诀”是其主要操作要点。结论 中药小包装饮片调剂“十字口诀”易记、易懂、易操作,提高临床调剂质量、规范调剂技能具有指导意义。

关键词: 中药小包装饮片, 历史源流, 调剂规范, 十字口诀

Abstract: Small package of Chinese medicine decoction pieces (hereinafter “small package of TCM”) has its unique advantage. After searching the literature in CNKI, Wanfang, VIP database, the papers linked to small package of TCM were analyzed from its aspect of history, pros and cons, package selected, dispensing procedure. Then a “ten Chinese characters pithy formula” directed at the process of small package of TCM dispensing was summarized as “examine(Chinese:审), display (Chinese: 摆), watch (Chinese:看), check (Chinese:对), take (Chinese:拿), weigh (Chinese:掂), assign (Chinese:分), verify (Chinese:核), pack (Chinese:包), dispense (Chinese:发)”, which was easy to remember, to understand and to operate, contributing to improving the quality of clinical dispensing and standardizing the skill of TCM dispensing.

Key words: small package of Chinese medicine decoction pieces, historical origin, dispensing standard, ten Chinese characters pithy formula

中图分类号: 

  • R288