主 办:北 京 中 医 药 大 学
ISSN 1006-2157 CN 11-3574/R

北京中医药大学学报 ›› 2016, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (10): 807-810.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-2157.2016.10.003

• 理论研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于推理有效式的张仲景药物主治分析*

马思思1,贾春华1#,郭瑨2,庄享静1,杨晓媛1   

  1. 1 北京中医药大学基础医学院 北京 100029;
    2 中国中医科学院望京医院
  • 收稿日期:2016-03-25 出版日期:2016-10-30 发布日期:2016-10-30
  • 通讯作者: 贾春华,男,教授,博士生导师,研究方向:基于认知科学的张仲景方证理论体系研究
  • 作者简介:马思思,女,在读硕士生
  • 基金资助:
    *国家自然科学基金项目(No.81373770)

Analysis of drug indications in Treatise on Febrile and Miscellaneous Diseases based on inferential validity*

MA Sisi1,JIA Chunhua1#,GUO Jin2,ZHUANG Xiangjing1,YANG Xiaoyuan1   

  1. 1 School of Preclinical Medicine,Beijing University of Chinese Medicine,Beijing 100029;
    2 Wangjing Hospital,China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences
  • Received:2016-03-25 Online:2016-10-30 Published:2016-10-30

摘要: 以麻黄、桂枝、芍药、半夏为例,探求《伤寒杂病论》中药物主治。应用命题逻辑中的充分条件假言命题推理有效式——肯定前件式及否定后件式,必要条件假言命题否定前件式以及肯定后件式的推理有效式确认《伤寒杂病论》中麻黄、桂枝、芍药、半夏的主治。发现麻黄治疗实证水肿;桂枝治疗大便不坚之小便不利;芍药适应于非虚寒性腹痛;半夏适应于呕吐。应用推理有效式的方法研究张仲景方剂中的药物主治所得出的结论更为直观、可靠,使得中医学者更容易把握药与证的对应关系,同时也尽可能地保证了解释药物疗效时思维结构的有效性。

关键词: 伤寒杂病论, 推理有效式, 药物, 主治

Abstract: To explore the drug indications in Treatise on Febrile and Miscellaneous Diseases, taking ephedra,cassiatwig,peony and pinellia as examples. Using inferential validity of sufficient condition hypothetical proposition and necessary condition hypothetical proposition of propositional logic,to confirm the indication of ephedra, cassia twig, peony and pinellia. It stated that ephedrais was used for edema in excess pattern, cassia twig was used for dysuria with loose stool, peony was suitable for bellyache in no-deficiency-cold pattern, and pinellia for vomiting. It is more intuitive and reliable to use inferential validity in the study on drugs. And researchers can grasp the correspondence between drugs and syndromes more easily. Meanwhile, the effectiveness of thinking structure could be guaranteed as much as possible, when the indications of drugs is explained.

Key words: Treatise on Febrile and Miscellaneous Diseases, inferential validity, drug, indications

中图分类号: 

  • R222