主 办:北 京 中 医 药 大 学
ISSN 1006-2157 CN 11-3574/R

北京中医药大学学报 ›› 2017, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (1): 16-19.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-2157.2017.01.004

• 理论研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

艾灸源流说

高志平   

  1. 北京联合大学 北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2016-09-12 出版日期:2017-01-30 发布日期:2017-01-30
  • 作者简介:高志平,男,副主任医师

Origin and development of moxibustion

GAO Zhiping   

  1. Beijing Union University,Beijing 100101
  • Received:2016-09-12 Online:2017-01-30 Published:2017-01-30

摘要: 从自然认知视角,提出原始艾灸一说。原始艾灸基于古人对自然、艾草、生命、疾病之文化特性的独特认知,为巫、医、道所共有,是早期自然哲学思想指导下神秘现象与神奇力量完美结合的实证;伴随劳动实践的用火行为则助推了原始艾灸的推广普及;其后,原始艾灸与传统医学在人体生理、病理、药理等方面交互融合,并在技术操作上借鉴针砭之术相融互通而为用,从而蜕变为疗疾之术即后世的中医艾灸。原始艾灸的出现早于医疗用灸,用火早于用药。研究艾灸的发展与创新首当认知和理解其所蕴藏的深刻内涵,在思维格局、技术手段、方法工具等多方面吸收传统文化和现代科技精华,兼收并蓄,为我所用。

关键词: 艾灸, 原始艾灸, 艾叶, 阴阳, 巫医, 道教

Abstract: This paper puts forward the concept of “original moxa-moxibustion” from the perspective of natural cognition. Based on the ancient unique views on the traditional cultural traits of Nature, Asiatic wormwood, lives and diseases, original moxa-moxibustion was the perfect combination of mysterious phenomena with magical strength guided by ancient natural philosophy, and was shared with sorcery, medicine and Taoism. Then the use of fire accompanied by labor practice pushed the popularization of original moxa-moxibustion which transformed into moxa-moxibustion therapy of traditional Chinese medicine, after integrating with traditional medicines on human physiology, pathology and pharmacology, and learning from the technique of stone needles. Original moxa-moxibustion was earlier than moxibustion therapy, because use of fire was earlier than use of medicines. Development and innovation of moxibustion need deep understanding its origin and characteristics, as well as studying traditional culture and modern technology on thinking, techniques, Methods and tools.

Key words: moxibustion, original moxa-moxibustion, Artemisia argyi, yin and yang, medicine man, Taoism

中图分类号: 

  • R245.81