主 办:北 京 中 医 药 大 学
ISSN 1006-2157 CN 11-3574/R

北京中医药大学学报 ›› 2017, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (3): 181-184.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-2157.2017.03.001

• 理论研究 •    下一篇

中医“病证”的涵义辨析*

沈一凡,高雪,肖永华#,赵进喜,朱立,王继东,孙慧怡   

  1. 北京中医药大学东直门医院 北京 100700
  • 收稿日期:2016-05-06 出版日期:2017-03-30 发布日期:2017-03-30
  • 通讯作者: 肖永华,女,博士,副教授,副主任医师,硕士生导师,研究方向:肾病、内分泌疾病的治疗,E-mail:water_aqua@ 126.com
  • 作者简介:沈一凡,男,在读本科生
  • 基金资助:
    *“中医内科学”国家级教学团队项目,“中医内科学”国家级精品课程项目

A differentiation and analysis on connotation of disease-syndrome in Chinese medicine*

SHEN Yifan, GAO Xue, XIAO Yonghua#, ZHAO Jinxi, ZHU Li, WANG Jidong, SUN Huiyi   

  1. Dongzhimen Hospital, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100700
  • Received:2016-05-06 Online:2017-03-30 Published:2017-03-30

摘要: 病证是中医临床上的常用术语。病证是在中国传统医药理论指导下,分类归纳出的一类在致病因素作用下具有相同基本病机的机体异常状态。而基本病机是病证分类和归纳的要点,是病证自身组成各要素之间相对稳定的内在联系,体现并贯穿于病证的全过程,是决定病证主症和中医诊治规律的内部依据。病证的含义不同于疾病、证候和症状。正确认识病证含义有助于总结前人临床经验和指导当下临床。

关键词: 病证, 证候, 基本病机

Abstract: Disease-syndrome is a frequently used term in clinical Chinese medicine. Disease-syndromes are body’s abnormal states affected by pathogenic factors with the same basic pathology, which are classified under the guidance of traditional Chinese medicine theory. Basic pathology is essential for the classification of disease-syndromes. It is the internal stable connection among all elements in disease-syndrome, and reflects and runs through the whole progress of disease-syndrome. In addition, basic pathology is also the internal basis used for determining the main symptoms of disease-syndromes and the laws for diagnosis and treatment in Chinese medicine. The implication of disease-syndrome is different from disease, syndrome and symptom. To properly understand the implication of disease-syndrome has a contribution to summarizing the previous clinical experience and guiding the clinical practice.

Key words: disease-syndrome, syndrome, basic pathogenesis

中图分类号: 

  • R241