主 办:北 京 中 医 药 大 学
ISSN 1006-2157 CN 11-3574/R

北京中医药大学学报 ›› 2018, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (10): 803-807.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-2157.2018.10.002

• 理论研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

中医之“表”新论*

胡蓉1, 田永衍2#, 李金田1, 赵小强3, 赵志伟4, 连粉红1   

  1. 1 甘肃中医药大学中医临床学院 甘肃 730000;
    2 河西学院丝绸之路中医药研究中心;
    3 甘肃中医药大学附属医院;
    4 甘肃中医药大学基础医学院
  • 收稿日期:2018-03-16 出版日期:2018-10-30 发布日期:2018-10-30
  • 通讯作者: 田永衍,男,博士,副教授,硕士生导师,研究方向:中医文献与临床,E-mail:tianyongyan1979@163.com
  • 作者简介:胡蓉,女,在读硕士生
  • 基金资助:
    甘肃省高校基本科研业务资助项目(No.2014-001)

A new interpretation of the exterior concept in traditional Chinese medicine*

Hu Rong1, Tian Yongyan2#, Li Jintian1, Zhao Xiaoqiang3, Zhao Zhiwei4, Lian Fenhong1   

  1. 1 College of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Gansu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Gansu 730000, China;
    2 Hexi College Silk Road Chinese Medicine Research Center, Gansu 734000, China;
    3 Affiliated Hospital of Gansu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Gansu 730000, China;
    4 Basic College of Gansu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Gansu 730000, China
  • Received:2018-03-16 Online:2018-10-30 Published:2018-10-30

摘要: 关于“表”,通常都认为其实体在肌表。表其实可根据人体组织部位的深浅及与外界的沟通情况,进一步细化为“表之表”“表之里”“里之表”。皮毛、肌腠与外界直接接触,人体最外层为“表之表”;经脉、筋骨、血脉位置较表之表部位深,而又不与外界直接相通,故为人体“表之里”,人体内部脏器与外界直接相通的内膜部分为人体的“里之表”。“表”的防御作用即“卫气”功能的体现,“卫气”的功能体现依赖于有形实体的“表”。这种“表”实体性划分可拓展解表法、拓宽风药的应用范围,丰富外治理论。

关键词: 表, 表之表, 表之里, 里之表, 风药

Abstract: With regard to “exterior”, it is generally considered that this entity refers to the muscle and surface of human body. In fact, according to the depth of human tissue and the connection with the outside world, the exterior can be further refined into “the surface of exterior”, “the lining of exterior”, “the surface of interior”. The skin, hair and muscle are in direct contact with the outside world. The outermost layer of the human body is “the surface of exterior”; the meridians, bones, and blood vessels is deeper than the surface of the exterior, and it is not directly connected with the outside world. So it is the human body “the lining of exterior”; human internal organs that communicate directly with the outside world are the “the surface of interior”. The defensive function of the “exterior” is the embodiment of the defensive qi (weiqi) function, and the function of the defensive qi depends on the “exterior” of the tangible entity. This “exterior” entity division can broaden the scope of application ofexterior-resolving method and wind-expelling medicinals, and enrich the theory of external treatment.

Key words: exterior, the surface of exterior, the lining of exterior, the surface of interior, wind-expelling medicinals

中图分类号: 

  • R221