主 办:北 京 中 医 药 大 学
ISSN 1006-2157 CN 11-3574/R

北京中医药大学学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (2): 109-112.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-2157.2019.02.004

• 文献研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

《伤寒论》第三十二条中“必”字小考

杨兴亮,杨东方#,王翠翠   

  1. 北京中医药大学 北京 100029
  • 出版日期:2019-02-28 发布日期:2019-02-28
  • 通讯作者: 杨东方,男,博士,教授,博士生导师,主要研究方向:中医医史文献研究, E-mail:ydf01@163.com
  • 作者简介:杨兴亮,男 在读硕士生
  • 基金资助:
    北京中医药大学科研创新团队项目(No.2019-JYB-TD017)

Textual research of the Chinese character bi in clause 32 of Treatise on Cold Damage Diseases

Yang Xingliang, Yang Dongfang#, Wang Cuicui   

  1. Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100029, China
  • Online:2019-02-28 Published:2019-02-28
  • Contact: Yang Dongfang, Ph.D., Doctoral supervisor. School of Chinese Classics, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine.E-mail:ydfo1@163.com

摘要: 历代医家对宋本《伤寒论》第三十二条中“必”字解释不一,大部分解释为“一定”;只有部分观点认为“必”字表示一种假设关系,解释为“假使,如果”。本文通过训诂学方法,运用以文证医的方式进行考释,得出“必”字的含义应为“假使,如果”的结论,对正确理解该条文具有现实意义。

关键词: 伤寒论, 必自下利, 训释字意

Abstract: Since ancient times, TCM scholars have had different interpretation of the Chinese character bi (必) in clause 32 of Treatise on Cold Damage Diseases (Shanghan Lun) of Song Dynasty Edition. Most of these explanations defined it as “must”. Some however argued that bi meant “if” and represented a hypothetical relationship. This paper used textual criticism and annotation through using exegesis method and documentation records, and arrived at the conclusion that the meaning of bi should be “if”. This conclusion had practical significance in the understanding of the text.

Key words: treatise on febrile diseases, bi zi xia li (presenting with spontaneous diarrhea), explanation of the literal meaning

中图分类号: 

  • R222.2