主 办:北 京 中 医 药 大 学
ISSN 1006-2157 CN 11-3574/R

北京中医药大学学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (5): 357-361.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-2157.2019.05.001

• “气”专题讨论 •    下一篇

恒动观下气一元论对中医整体观念的解读*

齐元玲, 张庆祥#   

  1. 山东中医药大学中医学院 山东 250355
  • 收稿日期:2018-11-07 出版日期:2019-05-30 发布日期:2019-06-05
  • 通讯作者: 张庆祥, 男, 博士, 教授, 博士生导师, 研究方向:藏象学说的理论与临床应用研究, E-mail:sdzqx2828@126.com
  • 作者简介:齐元玲,女,在读博士生
  • 基金资助:
    *国家自然科学基金面上项目(No. 81470189)

Interpretation of TCM holism by qi-monism in concept of perpetual motion*

Qi Yuanling, Zhang Qingxiang#   

  1. School of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shandong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shandong 250355, China
  • Received:2018-11-07 Online:2019-05-30 Published:2019-06-05
  • Contact: Prof. Zhang Qingxiang, Ph.D., Doctoral Supervisor. School of Traditional Chinese Medicine,Shandong University of Traditional Chionese Medicine, No. 4655, Daxue Road, Changqing District, Jinan 250355. E-mail: sdzqx2828@126.com

摘要: 恒动观是指在认识事物变化规律包括生老病死等医学问题时应持有的运动的、发展的、变化的观点, “动”是宇宙万物和人体生命最基本最重要的特征,是事物发展变化的原动力。气一元论是先秦重要的哲学思想,认为“气”为宇宙的本原、“气”为事物联系的中介、“气”具有“升降出入”的运动形式,正是由于气的不断运动,万物才有生机变化,即气一元论具有恒动观。中医学整体观念以气一元论为哲学基础,阐述人与自然一气统一、人体脏腑同源同构、人与社会统一和合,正是由于其具有恒动观。在恒动观基础上的“气一元论”,唯系着中医学整体观念,使人与自然、社会成为有机整体。

关键词: 恒动观, 气一元论, 整体观念

Abstract: The concept of perpetual motion refers to the viewpoint of movement, development and change that should be held in understanding the change law of things, including the medical problems of birth, old age, illness and death. Motion is the most basic and most important feature of cosmic inventory and human life, and the motive power for the development and changes of things. Qi-monism is an important philosophical thought in the Pre-Qin Dynasty. It holds that qi is the origin of the universe, the intermediary of the relationship among things, and qi has the movement forms of upward, downward, inward and outward movement. It is precisely because of the continuous movement of qi that all things change vigorously, that is, qi-monism has the concept of perpetual motion. Based on the philosophical basis of qi-monism, the holism of TCM elaborates the unity between human and nature, the homology and isomorphism of human viscera and the unity and harmony between human and society, precisely because of its concept of perpetual motion. The monism of qi, based on the concept of constant motion, maintains the overall concept of traditional Chinese medicine and makes people, nature and society an organic whole.

Key words: concept of perpetual motion, qi-monism, holism

中图分类号: 

  • R223.1+4