主 办:北 京 中 医 药 大 学
ISSN 1006-2157 CN 11-3574/R

北京中医药大学学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (10): 808-812.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-2157.2019.10.003

• 理论研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

和合思维下对中医整体观念的深度解读*

王小平   

  1. 山东中医药大学中医学院 山东 250355
  • 收稿日期:2018-12-18 出版日期:2019-10-30 发布日期:2019-11-25
  • 作者简介:王小平,女,博士,教授,博士生导师,研究方向:主要从事内经学研究,E-mail:jnwxp1962@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    *国家重点基础研究发展计划(973计划)资助项目(No.2013CB200Z)

In-depth interpretation of TCM holistic concept from the perspective of “harmonizing & integrating” thinking*

Wang Xiaoping   

  1. School of Chinese Medicine, Shandong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shandong 250355, China
  • Received:2018-12-18 Online:2019-10-30 Published:2019-11-25
  • Contact: Prof.Wang Xiaoping, Ph.D., Doctoral Supervisor. Shandong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, No. 4655, University Road, Science and Technology Park, Changqing District, Jinan, Shandong 250355, China. E-mail: jnwxp1962@163.com
  • Supported by:
    National Key Basic Research Development Project (973 project) (No.2013CB53200Z)

摘要: 中医整体观念及其学术内容与中国传统文化一脉相承,具有不同于西医“整体观念”的特点和视野。和合思想是中华民族普遍认可的人文精神,也是中国古代哲学最具特色的文化理念。和合思维具有整体性、协调性、自发性、动态性、创生性等丰富内涵。运用和合思维对中医整体观念进行解读与分析,发现中医整体观念具有更深刻的内容:具备元整体的基本特质,在方法学上必须从整体把握部分;注重功能关系的协调有序,而不是解剖结构的关联和实体粒子的相互影响;重视整体协调的自和机制,并将其纳入治疗体系,提出以调和为主而不是对抗的治疗思想;强调时空形神的多维联系,注重顺应时变及生机转化,不同于以空间关系为主的解剖结构。因而,中医整体观念具有独特的理念及价值所在。

关键词: 和合, 整体观念, 内经, 基础理论

Abstract: Holistic concept and its contents are in line with traditional Chinese culture, thus differentiating itself from the “holistic concept” of Western medicine with distinct characteristics and viewpoints. The “harmonizing & integrating” thinking is the humanistic spirit universally acknowledged by the Chinese people and the most distinctive cultural concept of ancient Chinese philosophy. “harmonizing & integrating” thinking has rich connotations such as integrity, coordination, spontaneity, dynamics, and generativeness. By interpreting and analyzing the holistic concept with such a thinking, more profound connotations of that concept are uncovered. It has the basic characteristics of the original holism, and emphasizes methodologically treating the part from the overall picture; it values the coordination and order among functions and relations, rather than the connection between anatomical structures and interaction of substantial particles; it stresses self-harmonization, and incorporates it into the therapeutic principle by advocating regulating and harmonizing instead of conflicting; by underlining the multidimensional connection of time, space, body and spirit, it promotes adapting to time and vitality transformation, which differs from anatomical structure chiefly based on space. Therefore, TCM holism is proven to be a unique and valuable concept.

Key words: harmonizing & integrating, holism, Huangdi Neijing (Huangdi’s Internal Classic), basic theory

中图分类号: 

  • R22