主 办:北 京 中 医 药 大 学
ISSN 1006-2157 CN 11-3574/R

北京中医药大学学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (12): 977-982.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-2157.2019.12.002

• 理论研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

大衍之数——揭开《黄帝内经》营卫循行的密码*

邢玉瑞   

  1. 陕西中医药大学 陕西 712046
  • 收稿日期:2019-05-30 出版日期:2019-12-30 发布日期:2020-01-06
  • 作者简介:邢玉瑞,男,教授,博士生导师
  • 基金资助:
    *国家重点基础研究发展计划(“973”计划)项目(No.2013CB532002),陕西中医药大学学科创新团队项目(No.2019-YL01)

The Number for the Great Expansion Method of Divination: Decoding nutrient-defense circulation in Huangdi Neijing*

Xing Yurui   

  1. Shaanxi University of Chinese Medicine, Shaanxi 712046, China
  • Received:2019-05-30 Online:2019-12-30 Published:2020-01-06

摘要: 《灵枢》提出营卫之气在人体昼夜循行五十周次,并规定诊脉持续时间为脉搏搏动五十次,应当是源自《易传·系辞上》“大衍之数五十”的论述。 “大衍之数五十”,可能来自天地之数,以此说明大衍之数的宇宙论依据,因此对后世历法、数学等都有着深刻影响。从人与天地相参的角度而言,大衍之数作为确定自然时序的内在根据,自然也就成了生命活动的规制之数。因此,《黄帝内经》所言营卫之气昼夜循行五十周次以及诊脉之五十数,可能是以“大衍之数五十”为基础的术数模式推演的结果,先有五十之定数,然后为了满足这一定数,人为设计了人体28脉长度为16.2丈、一息气行长度为6寸、一昼夜呼吸13 500息等数据。当然这些数据的设计又受到了术数思想的影响,不可避免存在着脱离实际的情况以及理论内在的矛盾。

关键词: 大衍之数, 黄帝内经, 营卫循行, 发生学

Abstract: Both the point that the nutrient qi and defense qi circulate within human body fifty times during one day-night cycle and the stipulation that the duration of one session of pulse-taking should be as long as fifty pulse beats in The Spiritual Pivot probably originated from the statement in The Book of Changes that the Number for the Great Expansion Method of Divination is fifty. This statement, which may derive from the Number for Heaven and Earth,provided the cosmological basis for the Number for the Great Expansion Method of Divination and exerted profound influence on calendar and mathematics in later ages. From the perspective of the correspondence between human and universe, the Number for the Great Expansion Method of Divination, as the basis for denominating the timing sequence of nature, becomes the number used to regulate life activities. Therefore, the fifty times of nutrient-defense circulation and the fifty pulse beats during pulse diagnosis are probably pre-determined by the Number for the Great Expansion Method of Divination, which is fifty. Through mathematical deduction, it is calculated that the length of the 28 meridians in human body is 16.2 zhang (about 170.7 feet), the distance qi travels per breath (one inhalation and one exhalation) 6 cun (about 7.559 inches), and the number of breaths during one day-night cycle 13,500. However, such calculation may inevitably cause some theoretical contradictions and those numbers disagree with reality since they are influenced by Chinese numerology.

Key words: Number in the Great Expansion Method of Divination, Huangdi Neijing (Huangdi’s Internal Classic), nutrient-defense circulation, phylogenetics

中图分类号: 

  • R221