主 办:北 京 中 医 药 大 学
ISSN 1006-2157 CN 11-3574/R

北京中医药大学学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (12): 993-997.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-2157.2019.12.005

• 科研思路与方法 • 上一篇    下一篇

按照钱学森科学思想重新构建中医理论框架*

孟凯韬1, 张志强2#   

  1. 1 西北大学哲理数学研究所 陕西 710069;
    2 中国中医科学院中医临床基础医学研究所
  • 收稿日期:2019-06-24 出版日期:2019-12-30 发布日期:2020-01-06
  • 通讯作者: 张志强,男,博士,研究员,主要研究方向:中医药学与哲理科学,E-mail:fx2200@163.com
  • 作者简介:孟凯韬,男,教授
  • 基金资助:
    *中国中医科学院自主选题项目(No.Z0654)

Reconstructing theoretical framework of Chinese medicine according to Qian Xuesen’s academic idea*

Meng Kaitao1, Zhang Zhiqiang2#   

  1. 1 Institute of Philosophy and Mathematics, Northwest University, Shaanxi 710069, China;
    2 Institute of Basic Clinical Chinese Medicine, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing 100700, China
  • Received:2019-06-24 Online:2019-12-30 Published:2020-01-06
  • Contact: Researcher Zhang Zhiqiang, Ph.D. China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences. No. 16, Dongzhimen Nanxiaojie Road, Beijing 100700. E-mail:fx2200@163.com

摘要: 钱学森先生所创立的系统论,既不同于整体论,又不同于还原论,而是整体论与还原论的辩证统一。这种辩证统一既可凸显中医的特色,又可弥补中医的不足,因而是中医的正确发展方向。钱学森先生关于科学技术体系分为哲学、基础理论、应用理论和实用技术4个层次的设想也完全适合于中医。哲理科学是以世界十二大规律为基础,将哲学思辨与逻辑推理相结合的一门全新的智慧之学。因为通过逻辑推理可以摒弃非理性的哲学思辨,排除人为因素(特别是意识形态和观念)的影响,得到完全符合事物发展客观规律的结论,因而比哲学思辨略胜一筹。这对于中医而言,乃是不可或缺的。因此,以钱学森科学思想和哲理科学为指导,可以构建比较理想的中医科学理论框架。

关键词: 系统论, 哲理科学, 中医理论

Abstract: The systems theory proposed by Mr. Qian Xuesen,different from holism and reductionism, is the dialectical unity of holism and reductionism, which not only highlights the characteristics of traditional Chinese medicine, but also makes up for its shortcomings. In this sense, it points out the right development path for Chinese medicine. Mr. Qian Xuesen’s vision that the science and technology system includes four level, i.e. philosophy, basic theory, applied theory and practical technology, is perfectly applicable to Chinese medicine. In addition, philosophical science embodies new wisdom based on the 12 laws of the universe, combining philosophical speculation with logical reasoning. Through logical reasoning, we can get rid of the irrational elements of philosophical speculation and the influence of human factors (especially ideology and concepts), and reach conclusions that are completely in line with the Objective laws of development of things. Philosophical science, slightly superior to philosophical speculation, is thus indispensable for Chinese medicine. Therefore, with the guidance of Qian Xuesen’s academic idea and philosophical science, it is possible to construct an ideal theoretical framework for Chinese medicine.

Key words: systems theory, philosophical science, theory of TCM

中图分类号: 

  • R2-03