主 办:北 京 中 医 药 大 学
ISSN 1006-2157 CN 11-3574/R

北京中医药大学学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (12): 1030-1037.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-2157.2019.12.010

• 科技之窗 • 上一篇    下一篇

蒙医镇赫依方剂处方用药规律研究*

陈潮光1, 佟海英1#, 陈路遥1, 吴晓丹1, 包伍叶2, 呼日乐巴根3, 乌兰其其格3, 黄先菊4, 崔竞文1   

  1. 1 北京中医药大学中医学院 北京 100029;
    2 内蒙古民族大学附属医院;
    3 内蒙古医科大学蒙医药学院;
    4 中南民族大学药学院
  • 收稿日期:2019-06-08 出版日期:2019-12-30 发布日期:2020-01-06
  • 通讯作者: 佟海英,女,博士,主任医师,副研究员,主要研究方向:蒙药基本理论与临床应用研究,E-mail:haiyingtong@sohu.com
  • 作者简介:陈潮光,男,在读硕士生
  • 基金资助:
    *国家重点研发计划资助项目(No.2018YFC1708206)

Study of medicinal herbs in tranquilizing heyi formulas in Mongolian medicine*

Chen Chaoguang1, Tong Haiying1#, Chen Luyao1, Wu Xiaodan1, Bao Wuye2, HU Rilebagen3, WU Lanqiqige3, Huang Xianju4, Cui Jingwen1   

  1. 1 School of Chinese Medicine, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100029, China;
    2 Affiliated Hospital of Inner Mongolian University for the Nationalities, Inner Mongolian 028007, China;
    3 School of Mongolian Medicine and Pharmacy, Inner Mongolia Medical University, Inner Mongolian 010110, China;
    4 School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, South-Central University for Nationalities, Hubei 430074, China
  • Received:2019-06-08 Online:2019-12-30 Published:2020-01-06
  • Contact: Associate Researcher Tong Haiying, Ph.D., Chief Physician.Beijing University of Chinese Medicine.No.11, Beisanhuan Donglu Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100029.E-mail:haiyingtong@sohu.com

摘要: 目的 探讨蒙医镇赫依(蒙语,调理气机)方剂的处方用药规律。方法 全面收集、整理、筛选《中国医学百科全书·蒙医学》《传统蒙药与方剂》《中华人民共和国卫生部药品标准·蒙药分册》《内蒙古蒙成药标准》《蒙医方剂学》(蒙医教材,蒙文版)中镇赫依方剂,从用药频次、分类、药性、六味、药效、关联分析角度进行频数统计,探讨其处方用药规律。结果 蒙医镇赫依方剂的高频药物为肉豆蔻、荜茇、白豆蔻、沉香、木香等;分类以镇赫依药物为主,占32.52%;药性以温性药为主,占47.36%;六味以辛味药为主,占54.67%;药效以腻性为主,占51.63%;20组高频药对中18组有镇赫依药物,23个核心药物组合中21个涉及镇赫依药物、17个有肉豆蔻。结论 蒙医镇赫依方剂组成以镇赫依药物为主,调节三根(组成人体的基本物质),习用味辛性温、腻之药,常用对药、角药以镇赫依药物为主,肉豆蔻是核心药物;与中医理气剂对比,可以借鉴其疏肝药物的配伍。

关键词: 镇赫依, 方剂, 数据挖掘, 用药规律

Abstract: Objective To explore the pattern of the use of medicinal herbs in tranquilizing heyi (transliteration of the formula name in Mongolian, meaning regulating qi movement) formulas in Mongolian medicine. Methods Tranquilizing heyi formulas were collected, sorted out and screened from Chinese Medical Encyclopedia: Mongolian Medicine, Traditional Mongolian Materia Medica and Formulas, Pharmaceutical Standards of the Ministry of Health of the People’s Republic of China:Mongolian Materia Medica,Standards for Mongolian Patent Medicine in Inner Mongolia, and Medical Formulas (Mongolian medicine textbook, in Mongolian language). Frequency data were analyzed in terms of the frequency of use of particular herbs, herb classification, medicinal properties, six medicinal flavors, medicinal effects and correlation analysis to explore the pattern of the use of medicinal herbs in such formulas. Results Herbs used at high frequency in tranquilizing heyi formulas were Roudoukou(Nutmeg, Semen Myristicae), Biba(Long Pepper Fruit,Fructus Piperis Longi), Baidoukou(Round Cardamon,Fructus Amomi Kravanh), Chenxiang(Aquilaria Wood, Lignum Aquilariae Resinatum) and Muxiang(Common Aucklandia Root, Radix Aucklandiae).Tranquilizing heyi medicinals were the main type of herbs in terms of herb classification, accounting for 32.52%, medicinal herbs warm in property the main type in terms of medicinalproperty,making up 47.36%, herbs pungent in flavor the main type in terms of medicinal flavor, constituting 54.67%, cloying herbal medicinals the main type in terms of effect, comprising 51.63%.Among 20 herb pairs used at high frequency, 18 pairs contained tranquilizing heyi medicinals. Of the 23 core herb combinations, 21 involved tranquilizing heyi medicinals and 17 included Roudoukou (Nutmeg, Semen Myristicae). Conclusion Tranquilizing heyi formulas of Mongolian medicine are mainly composed of tranquilizing heyi medicinals, which regulate the three elements in Mongolian medicine (corresponding roughly to qi, fire/gallbladder, and earth/water in Chinese medicine). Herbs pungent, warm and cloying are commonlyused. Tranquilizing heyi medicinals are often used in herb pairs and three-herb groups with Roudoukou (Nutmeg, Semen Myristicae) as the core herb. With reference to qi-regulating formulas in Chinese medicine, tranquilizing heyi medicinals can adopt some liver-soothing medicinals.

Key words: tranquilizing heyi, formula, data mining, pattern of medicinal use

中图分类号: 

  • R291.2