主 办:北 京 中 医 药 大 学
ISSN 1006-2157 CN 11-3574/R

北京中医药大学学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (1): 5-7.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-2157.2020.01.001

• 理论研究 •    下一篇

读《素问·气交变大论篇》领悟学科始源是创新的动力

王永炎1, 张华敏2#, 纪鑫毓1   

  1. 1 中国中医科学院中医临床基础医学研究所 北京 100700;
    2 中国中医科学院中药研究所
  • 收稿日期:2019-10-26 发布日期:2020-02-21
  • 通讯作者: 张华敏,女,博士,研究员,博士生导师,主要研究方向:中医药古籍管理与利用,E-mail:zhanghm@mail.cintcm.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:王永炎,男,教授,主任医师,中国工程院院士,中央文史研究馆馆员

The origin of discipline is the source of innovation: a thought after reading the chapter of Discussion on the Changes of Qi-Convergence in Plain Questions

Wang Yongyan1, Zhang Huamin2#, Ji Xinyu1   

  1. 1 Basic Medicine Institute, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing 100700, China;
    2 Institute of Chinese Materia Medica, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing 100700, China
  • Received:2019-10-26 Published:2020-02-21
  • Contact: Prof.Zhang Huamin, Ph.D., Doctoral Supervisor, Institute of Chinese Materia Medica, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, No.16, Nanxiao Street, Dong Cheng District, Beijing 100700, China. E-mail: zhanghm@mail.cintcm.ac.cn

摘要: 《素问·气交变大论篇》主题是以五运之气的太过不及和德化政令等变化,论述自然环境对疾病和事物的影响及关联。我们从三个方面对《素问·气交变大论篇》进行探讨:①岁运太过不及所致证候病机。明确五运太过不及、生克制侮的总体病机,观象应作为辨证诊病的主体依据。②通达宣明之道。道法自然秉象而思,必无妄动为常。③继往圣开来学,创新为第一要务。结合笔者早年对传染病和流感H1N1的研究和经历,认为独立思考的创造性缘自文化的自觉,探究学科始源是创新的动力。

关键词: 素问, 气交变大论, 五运六气, 创新

Abstract: The chapter entitiled Discussion on the Changes of Qi-Convergence in Plain Questions is about the excess and insufficiency of five-motion qi and changes of de (function), hua (transformation), zheng (administration), ling (order), to elaborate the relation between nature, disorder and phenomena. This paper analyzes the chapter from the following three aspects: Firstly, the pathogenesis of patterns due to excessive or insufficient yearly qi helps to comprehend the general mechanism of five qi excess or insufficiency, the relations of engendering, restraining, over-restraining and counter-restraining among them. Therefore manifestation observation should be the premise of pattern diagnosis and disease treatment. Secondly, the elucidated rule of Daoism follows the law of nature and thus manifestations are for us to consider; No reckless action is to be taken without any careful account. Thirdly, innovation is the priority to inheritance of past knowledge and development of new theories. Based on the author’s research and clinical experiences against infectious diseases and H1N1 influenza in the earlier years, this paper emphasizes that independent thinking originates from the cultural awareness and that exploring the origins of the discipline is the source of innovation.

Key words: Discussion on the Changes of Qi-Convergence, Plain Questions, wuyun (five-motions) and liuqi (six kinds of qi), innovation

中图分类号: 

  • R221.1