主 办:北 京 中 医 药 大 学
ISSN 1006-2157 CN 11-3574/R

北京中医药大学学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (1): 21-26.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-2157.2020.01.005

• 理论研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

论宋以后肾藏象体系的形上化去实体化路径*

谷建军   

  1. 北京中医药大学中医学院 北京 100029
  • 收稿日期:2019-09-10 发布日期:2020-02-21
  • 作者简介:谷建军,女,博士,教授,硕士生导师
  • 基金资助:
    *国家社会科学基金资助项目(No.13BZX035)

On the metaphysical dematerializing trends of the visceral manifestation system of the kidney since Song Dynasty*

Gu Jianjun   

  1. School of Chinese Medicine, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100029, China
  • Received:2019-09-10 Published:2020-02-21
  • Contact: Prof. Gu Jianjun, Ph.D., Master’s Supervisor, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, No.11, Beisanhuan East Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100029, China. E-mail: jianjungu88@163.com
  • Supported by:
    The National Social Science Fund of China (No.13BZX035)

摘要: 随着宋明理学的兴起,宋以后医学学理呈现了鲜明的哲学化取向,脏腑逐渐脱离了实体的存在意义而概念化、形上化。在肾藏象体系中,肾脏逐步被命门所取代,主要表现在肾功能的形上化,肾藏精气水火;肾功能的扩展,肝肾合一;肾与命门功能的置换,命门本体化;虚证辨证论治的去实体化等几个方面。命门太极本体论体系的建构,阐明了心肾相交为生命运动的基本机制,是藏象理论体系哲学化的关键转折。

关键词: 肾藏象, 命门, 本体, 太极, 心肾相交

Abstract: With the rise of Neo-Confucianism in Song and Ming Dynasties, medical theories tended to become philosophical since Song Dynasty, and the concept of viscera gradually separated from the existence of the entity and presented as conceptual and metaphysicalones. In the visceral manifestation of the kidney system, Kidney was gradually referred to as the life gate (mingmen). Functions of the kidney become metaphysiral as kidney stores essence, qi, water and fire; extension of renal functions and unity of liver and kidney; function exchange between the kidney and life gate as well as ontology of life gate concept; and the dematerialization of deficiency pattern identification and treatment. The construction of the ontological system of life-gate Taiji shows that the interaction of heart and kidney is the basic mechanism of life movement, and this system was the key turning point in visceral manifestation system’s philosophizing.

Key words: Visceral manifestation of the kidney, life gate, ontology, Tai chi, heart and kidneys interact

中图分类号: 

  • R223.1