主 办:北 京 中 医 药 大 学
ISSN 1006-2157 CN 11-3574/R

北京中医药大学学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (1): 32-34.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-2157.2020.01.007

• 理论研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

“舌为心之窍”理论探析*

李钰1,2, 张雪亮2, 张敏3, 王庆国1#   

  1. 1 北京中医药大学中医学院 北京 100029;
    2 中国中医科学院中国医史文献研究所;
    3 中国中医科学院中医基础理论研究所
  • 收稿日期:2019-10-20 发布日期:2020-02-21
  • 通讯作者: 王庆国,男,博士,教授,主任医师,博士生导师,主要研究方向:中医临床基础,E-mail:wangqg8558@sina.com
  • 作者简介:李钰,女,在读博士生
  • 基金资助:
    *国家自然科学基金资助项目(No.81430102)

Theoretical analyses on “tongue is the orifice of heart”*

Li Yu1,2, Zhang Xueliang2, Zhang Min3, Wang Qingguo1#   

  1. 1 School of Chinese Medicine, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, 100029, China;
    2 Institute for the History of Chinese Medicine and Medical Literature, China Academy of Chinese Medical Science, Beijing 100700, China;
    3 Institute of Basic Theory for Chinese Medicine, China Academy of Chinese Medicine Science, Beijing 100700, China
  • Received:2019-10-20 Published:2020-02-21
  • Contact: Prof. Wang Qingguo, Ph. D., Chief Physician, Doctoral Supervisor. School of Chinese Medicine, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine.No.11, Beisanhuan East Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100029, China. E-mail: wangqg8558@sina.com
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Fund Of China (No.81430102)

摘要: “舌为心之窍”理论来源于《黄帝内经》的窍脏相关论,亦称“心开窍于舌”。心的生理功能与病理变化与舌密切相关。舌作为心的官窍,在经脉上与心相连;舌通过产生言语来表达心声,心开窍于舌是心主神明在舌上的表现。通过观察舌可以了解心主血脉及心主神志的功能状态,在临床上“舌为心之窍”理论可以指导心窍闭阻等诸多病证的诊治。

关键词: 舌为心之窍, 心开窍于舌, 官窍, 临床应用

Abstract: The statement “tongue is the orifice of heart”, also known as “heart opens into the tongue”, comes from the Huangdi Neijing (Huangdi’s Internal Classic). The physiological function and pathological changes of the heart are closely related to the tongue. As the orifice of the heart, tongue is connected with the heart on meridians and channels. Tongue expresses the heart by helping articulate, while the heart dominates mind by opening into the tongue. By observing the tongue, doctor can underst and the functional state of the heart’s governing blood vessels and mind. Clinically, the theory of “tongue being the orifice of the heart” can guide the diagnosis and treatment of such diseases as orifice occlusion.

Key words: tongue being the orifice of heart, heart opening into the tongue, orifice, clinical application

中图分类号: 

  • R221