主 办:北 京 中 医 药 大 学
ISSN 1006-2157 CN 11-3574/R

北京中医药大学学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (2): 103-107.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-2157.2020.02.003

• 文献研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

王念孙释《广雅》医学词汇*

吕晓雪1, 王育林2#   

  1. 1 北京中医药大学中医学院 北京 100029;
    2 北京中医药大学国学院
  • 收稿日期:2019-07-16 发布日期:2020-03-24
  • 通讯作者: 王育林,男,博士,教授,博士生导师,研究方向:主要从事中医训诂考据研究,E-mail:lionw@vip.sina.com
  • 作者简介:吕晓雪,女,在读博士生
  • 基金资助:
    *国家社会科学基金资助项目(No.18BZS174)

Wang Niansun’s interpretation of medical terms in Guang Ya*

Lyu Xiaoxue1, Wang Yulin2#   

  1. 1 School of Chinese Medicine, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100029,China;
    2 School of Chinese Classics,Beijing University of Chinese Medicine,Beijing 100029,China
  • Received:2019-07-16 Published:2020-03-24
  • Contact: Prof. Wang Yulin, Doctoral Supervisor.School of Chinese Classics, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, No.11 BeisanhuanDonglu Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100029. E-mail:lionw@vip.sina.com
  • Supported by:
    National Social Science Foundation of China (No. 18BZS174)

摘要: 三国时代魏张揖编著的《广雅》中收录有医学词汇,清代训诂大家王念孙所著的《广雅疏证》是《广雅》最好的注本,最注重以声音通训诂、系联同源词,以此对词义进行训释,沟通词际关系。以《广雅》中收录的医学词汇为语料,挖掘王念孙在《广雅疏证》中训释医词时所使用的破通假、系同源、沟通普通词汇与医学词汇等理论、方法,并结合王念孙在校勘《广雅》文本中存在的误字、脱文、衍文等问题时采用的校勘学方法,从中探索当今医学词汇研究可以借鉴的释词方法。

关键词: 广雅, 医学词汇, 训释

Abstract: Some medical terms were included in Guang Ya edited by Zhang Yi in the Three Kingdom Period. Guang Ya Shu Zheng, written by Wang Niansun in the Qing Dynasty, is regarded as the best note of Guang Ya. Wang Niansun prioritized the use of phonetic correlation and cognate words in his interpretation of word meaning and interlingual relationships.This article uses the medical terms included in Guang Ya as the corpus, and explores the theories and methods used by Wang Niansun in interpretation in Guang Ya Shu Zheng, including identifying the phonetic loan characters, correlating with cognate words, and integrating commonly used words and medical terminology, etc. Besides, Wang Niansun’s collation methods used in identifying the errors in the text of Guang Ya such as clerical error, lipographyand redundant words, were also examined. Thus, this article has explored the possible interpretation methods that can be applied in the study of medical terms in ancient medical literatures.

Key words: Guang Ya, medical terms, interpretation

中图分类号: 

  • R-09