主 办:北 京 中 医 药 大 学
ISSN 1006-2157 CN 11-3574/R

北京中医药大学学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (4): 269-274.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-2157.2020.04.001

• “气”专题讨论 •    下一篇

《黄帝内经》“真气”本根论思想形成脉络探析

石翎笙,贺娟#   

  1. 北京中医药大学中医学院 北京 102488
  • 收稿日期:2019-10-31 出版日期:2020-04-30 发布日期:2020-05-14
  • 通讯作者: 贺娟,女,博士,教授,博士生导师,研究方向:中医哲学研究、中医基础理论及五运六气学说,E-mail:hejuan6428@sina.com
  • 作者简介:石翎笙,女,在读博士生

On the formation of the genuine qi root theory in Huangdi Neijing

Shi Lingsheng, He Juan#   

  1. School of Chinese Medicine, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing 102488, China
  • Received:2019-10-31 Online:2020-04-30 Published:2020-05-14
  • Contact: Prof. He Juan, Doctoral Supervisor. School of Chinese Medicine, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Intersection of Yangguang South Street and Baiyang East Road, Fangshan District, Beijing 102488, China. E-mail:hejuan6428@sina.com

摘要: 真气是《黄帝内经》气学本根论思想的核心概念,具有独特的哲学内涵与历史渊源。“真”字本义指“珍珠在贝中逐渐凝聚成形”的过程,从而引申表达为“朴素、未经雕饰的本性”。战国道家著作《道德经》《庄子》最早在论述本根论思想时大量使用“真”字,成为真气的哲学起源;又在战国末期“道气合一”思潮影响下,“真”字哲学内涵与气论完成了理论融合。现存最早的“真气”复合词出现于西汉《黄帝内经》。《黄帝内经》继承道家对“真”的本根性认识,并补充了真气在个体生命活动各方面的具体体现,建立起真气本根论思想。

关键词: 真气, 本根论, 道, 气论, 道气合一

Abstract: Genuine qi (Zhen qi) is the core concept of qi root theory in Huangdi Neijing (Huangdi’s Internal Classic). It has unique philosophical connotations in the root theory and historical origins in ancient China. The original denotation of “zhen” refers to the process that pearls gradually accumulate and form in the oysters. This Chinese character had been used to refer to “the uncarved and innocent nature”. Daode Jing and Zhuangzi, the representative books of Taoism in the Warring States Period, were the first ones to use the word “Zhen” when discussing the root philosophical thoughts, which was considered as the origin of the philosophical origin of genuine qi. And under the influence of ideological trend of “Tao and Qi as one” at the late stage of the Warring States Period, the philosophical connotation of “Zhen” and qi theory was integrated theoretically. The earliest extant compound word “Zhen qi” was first found in Huangdi Neijing, which inherited the Taoist Root thoughts about “Zhen”, and supplemented the concrete embodiment of genuine qi in all aspects of life activities, and thus established an ontological view of genuine qi theory.

Key words: zhen qi, the root theory, taoism, qi theory, Tao and Qi as one

中图分类号: 

  • R221