主 办:北 京 中 医 药 大 学
ISSN 1006-2157 CN 11-3574/R

北京中医药大学学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (4): 275-279.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-2157.2020.04.002

• 理论研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

从几何结构解析经典方剂中麻黄与石膏的配伍规律

胡紫馨,余芙欢,于河#   

  1. 北京中医药大学中医学院 北京 100029
  • 收稿日期:2019-10-04 出版日期:2020-04-30 发布日期:2020-05-14
  • 通讯作者: 于河,女,博士,副教授,硕士生导师,研究方向:温病和相关热证,E-mail:yuhe221@126.com
  • 作者简介:胡紫馨,女,在读本科生
  • 基金资助:
    国家国家级大学生创新创业训练项目(No.201910026016)

Analysis of the compatibility of ephedra and gypsum in classical prescription using geometry*

Hu Zixin, Yu Fuhuan, Yu He#   

  1. School of Chinese Medicine,Beijing University of Chinese Medicine,Beijing 100029,China
  • Received:2019-10-04 Online:2020-04-30 Published:2020-05-14

摘要: 仲景之方配伍精当、结构严谨,麻黄、石膏是常用的配伍药对,后世在其基础上进行了发挥。选取麻黄石膏配伍的6张经方和2张后世发展方为研究对象,应用几何图形展现方药的性味合化、归经、功效、君臣佐使等组方规律。麻黄石膏配伍诸方以辛温之麻黄宣畅气机和辛凉之石膏清热为主,二者通过调整配伍比例,与苦温之杏仁相配形成宣、清、降三法具备的三角形结构以恢复肺主气司呼吸、通调水道的功能。临床上可根据宣畅气机和清热的偏重来决定麻黄与石膏的配伍比例,根据兼夹证在已有的几何结构上添加点、线、面,灵活运用经方。

关键词: 经方, 几何图形, 麻黄, 石膏, 配伍规律

Abstract: Zhang Zhongjing’s formulae have been complimented for its rigorous ingredient combination and structure. Ephedra and gypsum, used by Zhongjing as one main paired herbs, have been widely used by later generations. In this study, six classic formulae and another two extended prescriptions containing both ephedra and gypsum have been selected. Graphics were used to interpret the compatibility by visualizing the nature, flavor, meridian tropism, action, and the principles of the composition of prescriptions, etc. The fundamental structure is mainly composed of pungent-warm ephedra to regulate qi and pungent-cool gypsum to clear heat. Different compatibility proportion of ephedra and gypsum match with bitter-warm almond, developing a triangle fundamental structure to present clearing, dispersing and descending to balance the circulation of the lung qi, thus to restore the functions of the respiratory and regulating the respiratoy metaboism. Proportion of ephedra and gypsumcan be determined by weighing the balance of clearing heat and regulating qi movement. In addition, points, lines and surfaces would be used to modify the structures of the prescriptions according to the complicated pathogenesis to make flexible use of the prescriptions.

Key words: classical prescription, geometric structure, ephedra, gypsum, compatibility laws
Corresponding author: A/Prof. Yu He, Master Supervisor, School of Chinese Medicine, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine,No.11, the North 3rd Ring Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100029, E-mail:yuhe221@126.com
Funding: National Natural Fund for Youth Science Project (No.81704121)

中图分类号: 

  • R289