主 办:北 京 中 医 药 大 学
ISSN 1006-2157 CN 11-3574/R

北京中医药大学学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (7): 544-547.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-2157.2020.07.003

• “气”专题讨论 • 上一篇    下一篇

《黄帝内经》元气思想溯源与辨疑*

石翎笙, 贺娟#   

  1. 北京中医药大学中医学院 北京102488
  • 收稿日期:2020-01-24 发布日期:2020-08-11
  • 通讯作者: #贺娟,女,博士,教授,博士生导师,主要研究方向:中医哲学、中医基础理论、五运六气学说,E-mail:hejuan6428@sina.com
  • 作者简介:石翎笙,女,在读博士生
  • 基金资助:
    *北京市自然科学基金资助项目(No.7182094)

On the origin and correction of yuan qi theory in Huangdi Neijing*

Shi Lingsheng, He Juan#   

  1. School of Chinese Medicine, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine,Beijing 102488,China
  • Received:2020-01-24 Published:2020-08-11
  • Contact: Prof. He Juan,Ph.D.,Doctoral Supervisor. Intersection of Yangguang Nandajie Street and Baiyang Donglu Road, Liangxiang Campus of Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Liangxiang Higher Education Park, Fangshan District, School of Chinese Medicine,Beijing University of Chinese Medicine,Beijing 102488,China. E-mail:hejuan6428@sina.com
  • Supported by:
    Beijing Natural Science Foundation Project (No.7182094)

摘要: 元气思想最早由西汉《春秋繁露》提出,形成了儒家早期的自然哲学观。但对《黄帝内经》而言,除后世补入的东汉时期运气七篇大论外,“元”字尚不具备与本根论思想相当的哲学内涵。在东汉以后,由于“元气”与“真气”在生成论中相重合的核心地位,世人多使用当时更广泛通行的“元气”一词来替代或合并原有的“真气”概念。“元气”与“真气”有不同的哲学起源,元气思想扎根于西汉儒家,真气思想起源于先秦道家。《黄帝内经》本根论的核心概念是“真气”而非“元气”。

关键词: 黄帝内经, 元气, 真气, 春秋繁露, 论衡

Abstract: The theory of yuan qi was first put forward in Chunqiu Fanlu in the Western Han Dynasty,and considered as formed the early natural philosophy of Confucianism. However,in Huangdi Neijing (Huangdi's Internal Classics),except for the seven major treatises on yunqi theory in the Eastern Han Dynasty that were added in later generations,the character "yuan" in its text didn't have the equivalent philosophical connotation to the root theory yet. After the Eastern Han Dynasty,there was overlapping between "yuan qi" and "zhen qi" in the generative theory, so the widely-used word "yuan qi"was used to replace or integrate the concept of "zhen qi". Nevertheless,yuan qi and zhen qi have different philosophical origins. The yuan qi thought was rooted in Confucianism in the Western Han Dynasty,while the zhen qi thought originated from Taoism in the pre-Qin Dynasty. It is "zhen qi" rather than "yuan qi" that is the core concept of the root theory in Huangdi Neijing.

Key words: Huangdi Neijing, yuan qi, zhen qi, Chunqiu Fanlu, Lun Heng

中图分类号: 

  • R221