主 办:北 京 中 医 药 大 学
ISSN 1006-2157 CN 11-3574/R

北京中医药大学学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (8): 636-640.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-2157.2020.08.004

• 理论研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

论朱震亨与张介宾补肾思想之异同*

席崇程, 田栋, 刘金涛, 张宁, 刘珍珠, 王维广, 陈子杰, 翟双庆#   

  1. 北京中医药大学 北京 100029
  • 收稿日期:2020-02-17 出版日期:2020-08-30 发布日期:2020-08-27
  • 通讯作者: # 翟双庆,男,博士,教授,博士生导师,主要研究方向: 中医理论体系、历史演变及方法学,E-mail: zsq2098@163.com
  • 作者简介:席崇程,男,在读博士生
  • 基金资助:
    * 国家重点研发计划项目(No. 2018YFC1704100,No.2018YFC1704105)

Similarities and differences in thinking on tonifying the kidney between Zhu Zhenheng and Zhang Jiebin*

Xi Chongcheng, Tian Dong, Liu Jintao, Zhang Ning, Liu Zhenzhu, Wang Weiguang, Chen Zijie, Zhai Shuangqing#   

  1. Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100029, China
  • Received:2020-02-17 Online:2020-08-30 Published:2020-08-27
  • Contact: Prof. Zhai Shuangqing, Ph.D., Doctoral Supervisor. Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, No. 11 Beisanhuandonglu, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100029. Email: zsq2098@163.com
  • Supported by:
    National Key Research and Development Program of China(No.2018YFC1704100, No.2018YFC1704105)

摘要: 朱震亨(朱丹溪)为金元四大家之一,其滋阴学说对后世影响颇大。张介宾早年研习丹溪学说,对朱震亨滋阴思想在批判继承的同时,又发丹溪补益思想之未发,另成一派,成为温补学派的代表人物之一。朱震亨与张介宾二家在补肾思想上都重视肾精,在药材选择上都将植物药与动物药结合起来,在药物剂型上都以丸剂为主。但是在温补肾阳方面朱震亨偏于用平和药物,少火生气,而张介宾喜用大辛大热之品,以求速效;在滋补肾阴方面朱震亨主张在补阴之品中佐以苦寒之品,清降相火,张介宾偏于将滋阴与补气、温阳结合起来,阳中求阴。二者关于补肾的思想对于临床上伴肾虚证候的各种疾病的治疗具有较大的指导性作用。

关键词: 补肾, 朱震亨, 张介宾, 学术思想

Abstract: As one of the four great scholars in Jin and Yuan Dynasties, theory of Zhu Zhenheng(Zhu Danxi) has great influence on later generations. Zhang Jiebin studied Zhu Danxi’s theory in his early years. While criticizing and inheriting Zhu Zhenheng’s thought of nourishing yin, he became one of the representatives of the warm-nourishing school. Zhu Zhenheng and Zhang Jiebin both attach importance to supplementing kidney essence so as to tonify the kidney; in the selection of medicinals, medicinals from plants and animals are combined; besides, they both take pills as the main drug form. However, their thoughts differ in the following aspects. In warming and nourishing kidney yang, Zhu Zhenheng prefers to use moderate medicinals to generate qi without causing fire, while Zhang Jiebin prefers to use medicinals extremely pungent and heat in nature for quick effect. In nourishing kidney yin, Zhu Zhenheng advocates that yin-nourishing medicinals should be combined with bitter cold ones, then ministerial fire can be cleared; while Zhang Jiebin prefers to combine yin-nourishing, qi-supplementing and yang-warming medicinals to seek yin within yang. In Conclusion, Zhu Zhenheng’s and Zhang Jiebin’s thoughts on tonifying the kidney play a guiding role in the clinical treatment of various diseases with kidney deficiency pattern.

Key words: tonifying the kidney, Zhu Zhenheng, Zhang Jiebin, academic thoughts

中图分类号: 

  • R229