主 办:北 京 中 医 药 大 学
ISSN 1006-2157 CN 11-3574/R

北京中医药大学学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (8): 641-644.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-2157.2020.08.005

• 文献研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

《千金要方》开心散剂量的文献考证*

张林, 曾凤#   

  1. 北京中医药大学 北京 100029
  • 收稿日期:2020-01-30 出版日期:2020-08-30 发布日期:2020-08-27
  • 通讯作者: # 曾凤,女,博士,教授,博士生导师,主要研究方向:唐宋医学文献及医学思想,E-mail:2465970771@qq.com
  • 作者简介:张林,女,博士,教授
  • 基金资助:
    * 教育部人文社会科学研究项目(No.20YJAZH003),北京中医药大学纵向发展基金项目(No.2180072120050)

Textual research on the dosage of Kai Xin San in Qian Jin Yao Fang*

Zhang Lin, Zeng Feng#   

  1. Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100029, China
  • Received:2020-01-30 Online:2020-08-30 Published:2020-08-27
  • Contact: Prof. Zeng Feng, Ph.D., Doctor’s Supervisor. Beijing University of Chinese Medicine. No. 11 Beisanhuan Donglu Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100029. E-mail: 2465970771@qq.com
  • Supported by:
    The Ministry of Education of Humanities and Social Science Research Project (No.20YJAZH003)

摘要: 以《古代经典名方目录》中的“开心散”为研究对象,通过对该方在《千金要方》宋校本、新雕本中剂量差异的考证,参考两版本各自成书的特点,比对考察宋校本同一卷中其他方剂的载录方式,并以同时代的《医心方》“开心散”的记载为佐证,推论出开心散的药量应为“远志、人参各四分(一两),茯苓二两,菖蒲一两”。按照《经方本原剂量问题研究》及对方寸匕的研究结果,折算出本方的现代剂量为远志13.8 g、人参13.8 g、茯苓27.6 g、菖蒲13.8 g,再结合其散剂的服用方法,计算得知日服量为远志3 g、人参3 g、茯苓6 g、菖蒲3 g。

关键词: 开心散, 经典名方, 剂量, 千金方, 宋校本, 新雕本, 医心方

Abstract: With Kai Xin San (Joy Powder) in Directory of Famous Formula in Ancient Times as the study object, this paper explored the difference of the dosage in two different versions of Qian Jin Yao Fang (Important Formulas Worth a Thousand Gold Pieces): Song version and Xindiao version. In the textual research, we have taken the characteristics of the above two editions into consideration, and have compared the relevant record of other formulas in Song version. Also, we have referred to the relevant record in the contemporary book Yi Xin Fang as proof. It’s concluded that the original dosage of Kai Xin San (Joy Powder) should be “Four Fen (one Liang) of Yuanzhi (thin-leaf milkwort root, Radix Polygalae) and Renshen (ginseng, Radix et Rhizoma Ginseng) respectively, two Liang of Fuling (poria, Poria), and one Liang of Changpu (grassleaf sweetflag rhizome, Rhizoma Acori Tatarinowii)”. According to the research result on the medicine tool “Fang Qi Bi” in Research on the Original Dosage in Classical Formula, the dosage is converted to modern measuring unit: Yuanzhi (thin-leaf milkwort root, Radix Polygalae) 13.8 g, Renshen (ginseng, Radix et Rhizoma Ginseng) 13.8 g, Fuling (poria, Poria) 27.6 g; and Changpu (grassleaf sweetflag rhizome, Rhizoma Acori Tatarinowii) 13.8 g, and the daily administration should be Yuanzhi (thin-leaf milkwort root, Radix Polygalae) 3 g, Renshen (ginseng, Radix et Rhizoma Ginseng) 3 g, Fuling (poria, Poria) 6 g, and Changpu (grassleaf sweetflag rhizome, Rhizoma Acori Tatarinowii) 3 g.

Key words: Kai Xin San (Joy Powder), classic formula, dosage, Qian Jin Yao Fang (Important Formulas Worth a Thousand Gold Pieces), Song version, Xindiao version, Yi Xin Fang

中图分类号: 

  • R289.3