主 办:北 京 中 医 药 大 学
ISSN 1006-2157 CN 11-3574/R

北京中医药大学学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (9): 729-734.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-2157.2020.09.005

• 文献研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

炭类中药临床应用的历史沿革*

孙紫薇1, 张越2, 孔慧3, 屈会化4, 赵琰3#   

  1. 1 北京中医药大学国家中医体质与治未病研究院 北京 100029;
    2 北京中医药大学生命科学学院;
    3 北京中医药大学中医学院;
    4 北京中医药大学中医药研究院
  • 收稿日期:2020-03-11 发布日期:2020-09-29
  • 通讯作者: #赵琰,女,博士,教授,博士生导师,主要研究方向:经典方剂的配伍与应用,炭药的物质基础研究。E-mail:zhaoyandr@bucm.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:孙紫薇,女,博士,助理研究员
  • 基金资助:
    *第四批全国中医(临床、基础)优秀人才研修项目(No.国中医药人教发[2017]24号),中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助项目(No.2019-JYB-TD-001)

History of clinical applications of charred Chinese medicinal herbs*

Sun Ziwei1, Zhang Yue2, Kong Hui3, Qu Huihua4, Zhao Yan3#   

  1. 1 National Institute of Traditional Chinese Medicine Constitution and Preventive Medicine, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100029, China;
    2 School of Life Sciences, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100029, China;
    3 School of Chinese Medicine, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100029, China;
    4 Research Institute of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100029, China
  • Received:2020-03-11 Published:2020-09-29
  • Contact: Prof. Zhao Yan, Ph.D., Doctoral Supervisor. Beijing University of Chinese Medicine. No.11 Beisanhuan Donglu Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100029. E-mail: zhaoyandr@bucm.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    Training Programs for the Fourth Cohort of National Outstanding Talents of Traditional Chinese Medicine (Clinical and Preclinical Medicine) (No. [2017]24)

摘要: 炭类中药,简称炭药,是中医用药的特色之一。本文对炭药临床应用的历史沿革进行了系统梳理。炭药应用从无意识的发现,到有意识的发掘和规律总结,直至理论形成,经历了极其漫长的过程。早在秦汉时期,人类在医疗活动中已发现了烧炭治病的奥秘。从炭药的种类及炮制方法来看,历代均有不同程度的补充和完善。从临床应用来看,炭药被广泛应用于内、外、妇、儿等各科疾病的治疗中,其确切的疗效经受了历代临床的验证,并被越来越多的现代药理学研究所证实。通过文献梳理可知,炭药应用是我们祖先的伟大创举,确切的疗效是其流传至今的生命力所在。因此,炭药是一个值得深入研究的领域,本文将为炭药的深入研究提供文献基础及研究线索。

关键词: 炭药, 临床应用, 历史沿革, 古代文献

Abstract: As a unique part of Chinese herbal medicine, charred Chinese medicinal herbs, or charred herbs for short, enjoyed a long history and abundant clinical applications. Charred herbs were firstly used by accident, and later more were used intentionally and systematically until finally a theory was formed, the whole process of which took a long time. As early as in the Qin and Han dynasties, the mystery of using charred herbs to cure diseases was unveiled in medical practice. The types and processing methods of charred herbs increased and improved over the later dynasties. It was widely used in internal medicine, external medicine, gynecology, and pediatrics, etc. Its curative effects were proven in clinical practice in the past and has been confirmed by more and more pharmacological researches now. Through a thorough review of ancient literature, it’s believed that the application of charred herbs was one of the pioneering medical practices of our ancestors and its vitality lies in its great efficacy. This paper provides literature basis and ideas for more profound research into charred herbs, on which further studies are warranted.

Key words: charred herbs, clinical applications, historical evolution, ancient literature

中图分类号: 

  • R282.7