主 办:北 京 中 医 药 大 学
ISSN 1006-2157 CN 11-3574/R

北京中医药大学学报 ›› 2021, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (1): 19-25.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-2157.2021.01.004

• 理论研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

中医阴阳的“天—地—人”体验哲学*

刘宁, 贾春华#   

  1. 北京中医药大学 北京 100029
  • 收稿日期:2020-07-15 出版日期:2021-01-30 发布日期:2021-01-18
  • 通讯作者: #贾春华,男,教授,主任医师,博士生导师,主要研究方向:认知科学视域下的中医理论研究,E-mail:jiachunhua125@163.com
  • 作者简介:刘宁,男,在读博士生
  • 基金资助:
    *国家自然科学基金项目(No.81874514)

“Heaven, earth and human” experiential philosophy in yin and yang theory of traditional Chinese medicine*

Liu Ning, Jia Chunhua#   

  1. Beijing University of Chinese Medicine,Beijing 100029,China
  • Received:2020-07-15 Online:2021-01-30 Published:2021-01-18
  • Contact: Prof.Jia Chunhua,Chief Physician,Doctoral Supervisor.School of Traditional Chinese Medicine,Beijing University of Chinese Medicine,No.11 Beisanhuan Donglu Road,Chaoyang District,Beijing 100029.E-mail:jiachunhua125@163.com.
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(No.81874514)

摘要: 体验哲学作为认知科学的第二代分水岭,强调心智的具身性、认知的无意识性、思维的隐喻性。中医阴阳理论具身认知不离《素问著至教论》天文、地理、人事的范围,也可称之为医道发展的“天地人”隐喻认知模式,按照此模式对中医阴阳学说重新进行解构,发现日月、四时、水火、山、男女、守使、门、容器等隐喻是中医阴阳学说内涵的最基本隐喻,从侧面反映出阴阳学说的形成是“天地人”隐喻认知的产物。基于此种模式可以发现阴阳学说的同一内容可以源于多种不同的具身经验;阴阳学说中某些内容的矛盾可能由于隐喻种类的不同;阴阳可以称之为“纲纪”“根本”等属性很可能源自始源喻属性的传递。

关键词: 体验哲学, 隐喻, 中医, 阴阳

Abstract: As the second-generation watershed of cognitive science,experiential philosophy emphasizes the embodied mind,unconscious cognition and metaphorical thinking.The embodied cognition of yin-yang theory in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is about astronomy,geography and people,which are mentioned in Su Wen (Plain Questions) called “heaven,earth and human” cognitive metaphor pattern for the development of medicine.According to this pattern,based on the deconstruction of yin-yang theory,the metaphors of sun and moon,four seasons,water and fire,mountains,men and women,guardians,doors and containers were the most basic metaphors of the connotation of yin-yang theory.It shows that the formation of yin-yang theory is the product of metaphorical cognition of “heaven,earth and human”.Based on this pattern,the same content of yin-yang theory could be derived from different embodied experiences.The contradiction of some contents in yin-yang theory may be caused by different types of metaphor.Taken as a root,yin and yang may be derived from the transmission of the original metaphor.

Key words: experiential philosophy, metaphor, traditional Chinese medicine, yin and yang

中图分类号: 

  • R226