主 办:北 京 中 医 药 大 学
ISSN 1006-2157 CN 11-3574/R

北京中医药大学学报 ›› 2021, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (1): 26-33.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-2157.2021.01.005

• 理论研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

《黄帝内经》“逆顺”思想研究*

周勇杰1, 顾漫2#   

  1. 1 中国中医科学院望京医院 北京 100102;
    2 中国中医科学院中国医史文献研究所
  • 收稿日期:2020-07-23 出版日期:2021-01-30 发布日期:2021-01-18
  • 通讯作者: #顾漫,男,博士,教授,博士生导师,主要研究方向:出土简帛医学文献的整理研究,E-mail:guman@126.com
  • 作者简介:周勇杰,男,硕士
  • 基金资助:
    *国家社会科学基金重点项目(No.18AZS004)

On the concept of “nishun” in Huangdi’s Internal Classic*

Zhou Yongjie1, Gu Man2#   

  1. 1 Wangjing Hospital,China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences,Beijing 100102,China;
    2 China Institute for History of Medicine and Medical Literature,China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences,Beijing 100700,China
  • Received:2020-07-23 Online:2021-01-30 Published:2021-01-18
  • Contact: Prof.Gu Man,PhD,Doctoral Supervisor.Institute of Chinese Medical History,China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences.No.16,Dongzhimen Nanxiaojie Side Street,Dongcheng District,Beijing 100700.E-mail:guman@126.com.
  • Supported by:
    Key National Social Science Projects of China(No.18AZS004)

摘要: 有关“逆顺”之语在《黄帝内经》中多次出现,并有两篇直接以“逆顺”用作篇名—《灵枢·逆顺肥瘦》和《灵枢·逆顺》。从《史记·扁鹊仓公列传》与新近出土的天回医简《逆顺五色脉臧验精神》可以看出,“逆顺”这一医学术语早在先秦两汉已被广泛使用。本文对“逆顺”在《黄帝内经》中的医学内涵进行了详细探析,发现其包括自然界气候与人体的关系、生理与形体、与疾病的联系、临床治疗、禁忌等多方面。同时参阅《史记·扁鹊仓公列传》,充分挖掘其医学价值所在。

关键词: 逆顺, 黄帝内经, 决死生, 逆顺五色脉臧验精神

Abstract: The term “nishun” (ni, abnormality;shun, normality) repeats many times in Huangdi Neijing (Huangdi’s Internal Classic) with two chapters titles containing this term,including the chapters of Nishun Feishou and Nishun of Lingshu (The Spiritual Pivot). It can also be found from the chapter of Bian Que,Cang Gong Liezhuan (Biography of Bian Que and Cang Gong) in Shiji (Historical Records) and the newly unearthed Tianhui medical manuscript on bamboo slips with a chapter named Nishun Wuse Maizang Yan Jingshen that the medical term “nishun” was widely used in pre-Qin,Qin and Han Dynasties.This article analyzed the medical connotations of “nishun” in Huangdi Neijing in detail,and found that it embodied the relationships between natural and human body,physiology and physique,diseases,clinical treatment,as well as taboos,etc.At the same time,Shiji was also used as a reference to explore its medical value clearly.

Key words: nishun, Huangdi Neijing, determining life and death, Nishun Wuse Maizang Yan Jingshen

中图分类号: 

  • R221