主 办:北 京 中 医 药 大 学
ISSN 1006-2157 CN 11-3574/R

北京中医药大学学报 ›› 2021, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (1): 78-82.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-2157.2021.01.013

• 中医体质 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于叶天士医案探讨阳虚体质胃阳虚证的经方论治*

马晗1,2, 王琦1, 郭文茜1, 万瑾毅1, 姚海强1#   

  1. 1 北京中医药大学 北京 100029;
    2 北京中医药大学第三附属医院
  • 收稿日期:2020-03-13 出版日期:2021-01-30 发布日期:2021-01-18
  • 通讯作者: #姚海强,男,博士,主要研究方向:中医体质学,E-mail:haiqiangyao@outlook.com
  • 作者简介:马晗,男,在读硕士生
  • 基金资助:
    *国家自然科学基金项目(No.81803970),中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金项目(No.2019-JYB-TSXK-001,No.2020-JYB-XJSJJ-003),中华中医药学会“青年人才托举工程”(No.CACM-2019-QNRC2-A01),北京中医药大学“青年科学家培育计划”项目

Treatment of stomach yang deficiency pattern in yang-deficiency constitution with classical formulas based on Ye Tianshi’s medical records*

Ma Han1,2, Wang Qi1, Guo Wenqian1, Wan Jinyi1, Yao Haiqiang1#   

  1. 1 Beijing University of Chinese Medicine,Beijing 100029,China;
    2 Third Affiliated Hospital,Beijing University of Chinese Medicine Beijing 100029,China
  • Received:2020-03-13 Online:2021-01-30 Published:2021-01-18
  • Contact: Yao Haiqiang,M.D.,Ph.D.,Beijing University of Chinese Medicine.No.11 Beisanhuan Dong Road,Beijing 100029.E-mail:haiqiangyao@outlook.com.
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(No.81803970),Young Talent Promotion Project of China Association of Chinese Medicine(No.CACM-2019-QNRC2-A01)

摘要: 阳虚体质是九种基本体质类型之一,脾胃阳虚是阳虚体质的一种主要证型,在临床多种脾胃病证治中广泛出现。历代医家或以中阳统称脾胃阳气,或重脾阳而略胃阳,但是脾、胃的生理病理和治法方药各不相同。叶天士倡导脾胃分治,且尤其注重体质。本文从阳虚体质角度,对叶天士以经方辨治胃阳虚不同汤证的病机、证候、治法、方药的差异进行分析探讨,并结合具体医案详细阐释了阳虚体质胃阳虚不同层次的治法,如“通补胃气”的大半夏汤法,“通补胃阳”的附子粳米汤法等。从辨体-辨病-辨证相结合的角度,对胃阳虚证辨治规律进行总结,以供脾胃病的临床诊疗借鉴。

关键词: 阳虚体质, 胃阳虚, 叶天士, 治则, 治法, 经方

Abstract: Yang-deficiency constitution is one of the nine basic types of constitution in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM),with yang-deficiency of the spleen and stomach disorders as the main pattern that is frequently observed in clinical practices.The ancient practitioners usually used middle yang to refer to the spleen and stomach yang,or simply used spleen yang only while omitting the stomach yang.However,the physiological and pathological characteristics,and treatment methods of the spleen and stomach are different.Ye Tianshi advocated differentiated treatment for spleen and stomach and paid particular attention to body constitution.This paper analyzed the pathogenesis,pattern,therapeutic methods and classical formulas of stomach yang deficiency used by Ye Tianshi for yang-deficiency constitution;and expounded on different levels of therapeutic methods with specific medical cases combined,such as activating and tonifying stomach qi using Da Banxia Tang (Major Pinellia Decoction) and activating and warming stomach yang using Fuzi Jingmi Tang (Aconite and Rice Fruit Decoction),etc.The rules of pattern differentiation and treatment for stomach yang deficiency was summarized with differentiation of constitution,disease,and pattern combined,which might provide reference for clinical diagnosis and treatment of the spleen and stomach diseases.

Key words: yang-deficiency constitution, stomach yang deficiency, Ye Tianshi, therapeutic principle, therapeutic method, classical formula

中图分类号: 

  • R24