主 办:北 京 中 医 药 大 学
ISSN 1006-2157 CN 11-3574/R

北京中医药大学学报 ›› 2021, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (2): 119-123.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-2157.2021.02.005

• 理论研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

近代中医话语转化及其意涵——基于“衷中参西”与“新中医”两种医学话语实践的研究

徐宇凡   

  1. 上海大学社会学院 上海 200444
  • 收稿日期:2020-08-21 出版日期:2021-02-28 发布日期:2021-02-21
  • 作者简介:徐宇凡,男,在读硕士生,主要研究方向:基于医学史的历史社会学研究,E-mail:527168932@shu.edu.cn

Transformation of modern Chinese medical discourse and its implications: research based on two medical discourse practices of “Integrated Chinese and Western Medicine” and “New Chinese Medicine”

Xu Yufan   

  1. School of Sociology and Political Science, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444, China
  • Received:2020-08-21 Online:2021-02-28 Published:2021-02-21
  • Contact: Xu Yufan, School of Sociology and Political Science, Shanghai University, No. 99 Shangda Road, Baoshan District, Shanghai 200444. E-mail:527168932@shu.edu.cn

摘要: 在近代中西医汇通的不同时期,张锡纯主张通过“衷中参西”的方式将西医纳入到中医知识体系中,恽铁樵则以生理病理为标准重新建构“新中医”。本文选取两人医著中有关外感热病的理论进行话语分析,认为差异性的医学话语背后意涵有三:代表着对西医知识吸收借鉴的不同侧重点;凸显出不同时期社会结构的差异及两种医学话语力量强弱的改变;深层次的文化意涵是展现了近代中医学家在医学汇通的不同时期对中学为体、西学为用的思维从信赖到跳脱的过程,提示医学从传统逐步走向现代。

关键词: 话语, 中西医汇通, 衷中参西, 新中医

Abstract: In different periods of the integration of Chinese and Western medicine in modern times, Zhang Xichun advocated “Integrated Chinese and Western Medicine” by incorporating Western medicine into the system of traditional Chinese medicine, while Yun Tieqiao suggested the “New Chinese Medicine” based on physiological and pathological standards. This paper selects the theory of exogenous fever in the two medical works for discourse analysis, and identifies three implications behind the difference in medical discourse. Firstly, it represents different emphasis on the absorption and reference of western medicine knowledge. Secondly, it highlights the differences in social structure of different periods and the changes in the strength of the two medical discourses. Thirdly, in different periods of the integration of medicine, modern Chinese medical scientists has changed their attitude from trust to escape about the thinking of traditional Chinese values aided with modern Western ideology, which reveals that medicine has gradually moved from being “traditional” to “modern”.

Key words: discourse analysis, combination of Chinese and Western Medicine, Tradition Chinese and Western Medicine in combination, New Chinese Medicine

中图分类号: 

  • R226