主 办:北 京 中 医 药 大 学
ISSN 1006-2157 CN 11-3574/R

北京中医药大学学报 ›› 2021, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (3): 226-231.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-2157.2021.03.006

• 理论研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

“月经”名称源流和理论内涵考述*

王子璐1, 王雁飞1, 师伟2#, 李广文2, 王东梅2, 刘金星2   

  1. 1 山东中医药大学中医学院 山东 250014;
    2 山东中医药大学附属医院
  • 收稿日期:2020-07-23 出版日期:2021-03-30 发布日期:2021-03-30
  • 通讯作者: #师伟,男,博士,主任医师,硕士生导师,主要研究方向:妇科血症与痛症研究,E-mail:sw19781214@163.com
  • 作者简介:王子璐,男,在读硕士生
  • 基金资助:
    *山东省泰山学者工程(No.TSQN201909185),全国名老中医专家李广文传承工作室,山东省名老中医药专家王东梅传承工作室建设项目(2019),国家自然科学基金面上项目(No.81873330),山东省中医药科技发展计划(2017-070),济南市科技计划(No.201907106),全国中医临床特色技术传承人才培训项目(2018)

Ancient names and theoretical connotation of “menstruation”*

Wang Zilu1, Wang Yanfei1, Shi Wei2#, Li Guangwen2, Wang Dongmei2, Liu Jinxing2   

  1. 1 School of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shandong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shandong 250014, China;
    2 Affiliated Hospital of Shandong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shandong 250014, China
  • Received:2020-07-23 Online:2021-03-30 Published:2021-03-30
  • Contact: Shi Wei, Ph.D., Chief Physician, Master's Supervisor. Affiliated Hospital of Shandong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Jinan 250014. E-mail: sw19781214@163.com
  • Supported by:
    Shandong Taishan Scholar Project (No. TSQN201909185), Workshop for Inheritance from National Prestigious & Senior Chinese Traditional Medicine Expert Li Guangwen, Development Project of Workshop for Inheritance from Shandong Province Prestigious & Senior Traditional Chinese Medicine Expert Wang Dongmei (No. 2019), National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 81873330), Shandong Province Traditional Chinese Medicine Science and Technology Development Program (No. 2017-070), 2018 National Talent Training project for the Inheritance of Traditional Chinene Medicine Clinical Features

摘要: 在中医古籍中“月经”称谓繁多且含义各不相同,梳理月经的称谓及内涵的变迁脉络,对于正确理解文献中月经的理论内涵意义重大,通过查阅中医经典著作及各时期与中医妇科相关的重要文献,收集总结月经的名称及释义,归纳整理出不同文献中月经名称所承载的4种不同理论内涵:胞宫出血现象、胞宫周期性出血的生理现象、女性经期所排出血液以及运行于体内营养机体的精微物质。

关键词: 月经名称, 源流, 古籍, 考述

Abstract: There were many terms with different meanings to refer to menstruation in ancient books on Chinese medicine. To sort out the changes in the names of menstruation and their connotations is very important for correct understanding of the theoretical connotations of menstruation in medical literature. This article reviews a wide range of literature ranging form the four major TCM classics to important literature related to TCM gynecology in the Ming and Qing dynasties, collects and summarizes the names and interpretations of menstruation, and identifies four different theoretical connotations of the names of menstruation in different literature. Some names describe the phenomenon of uterine bleeding, some emphasize the periodic physiological phenomena of uterine bleeding, some refer solely to the blood discharged during menstruation and others mean the fine substances that run in the body to nourish the body.

Key words: name of menstruation, origin, ancient books, textual research

中图分类号: 

  • R271.11