主 办:北 京 中 医 药 大 学
ISSN 1006-2157 CN 11-3574/R

北京中医药大学学报 ›› 2014, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (7): 476-480.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-2157.2014.07.009

• 文献研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

桂与牡桂原植物考辨

周冠武1, 李春高2, 狄桂英3, 祁振声4   

  1. 1 中国林科院木材所 北京 100091;
    2 河北省涞源县林业局银坊林业站;
    3 北京绿奥诺建筑板材有限公司;
    4 河北农业大学
  • 收稿日期:2014-03-12 出版日期:2014-07-30 发布日期:2014-07-30
  • 通讯作者: 祁振声,男,副编审,主要研究方向:古籍记载植物考证和本草(植物)考据方法论研究,E-mail:zhouguanwu@hotmail.com
  • 作者简介:周冠武,男,博士,助理研究员

Discrimination of original plants of Jungui and Mugui

ZHOU Guan-wu1, LI Chun-gao2, DI Gui-ying3, QI Zhen-sheng4   

  1. 1 Research Institute of Wood Industry, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing 100091;
    2 Laiyuan County Forestry Administration of Hebei Province;
    3 Beijing Green Panel Corporation;
    4 Agricultural University of Hebei
  • Received:2014-03-12 Online:2014-07-30 Published:2014-07-30

摘要: 《神农本草经》中的箘桂和牡桂原植物,古代便有混淆,近代以来将它们考订为樟科栽培植物肉桂(Cinnamomum cassia),并将梫木考订为杜鹃花科剧毒植物马醉木(Pieris japonica)尤误。为了考证箘桂与牡桂原植物,从形态特征、命名依据、产区和生境、用途和疗效等方面加以区分。研究认为古代箘桂与桂为同物,指今樟科植物川桂(C. wilsonii)、少花桂(C. pauciflorum)及野黄桂(C. jensenianum);牡桂及梫、梫木、岩桂、桂花,指今木犀科植物木犀(Osmanthus fragrans)。

关键词: 箘桂, 牡桂, 桂, 梫, 植物形态, 命名依据, 用途, 产区, 药效

Abstract: Objective The original plants of Jungui and Mugui recorded in Shennongbencaojing had been confused in ancient times,and in moder times, they were regarded through textual research as Rougui (Cinnamomum cassia), a widely cultivated plant belonging to Lauraceae family, and Qinmu was regarded as a highly poisonous plant-Japanese andromeda (Pieris japonica) belonging to Ericaceae family. These conclusions are erroneous, especially the latter. To conduct a textual research on their original plants, Jungui and Mugui were discriminated from morphological features, naming basis, producing regions, habitats, applications and efficacies. It is deemed that in ancient times, Jungui and Gui were the same plant, that is today’s Chuangui (C. wilsonii), Shaohuagui (C.pauciflorum) and Yehuanggui (C.jensenianum) in Laurace family. Mugui and Qin, Qinmu, Yangui and Guihua refer to today's Muxi (Osmanthus fragrans) in Oleaceae family.

Key words: Jun-gui, Mu-gui, Gui, Qin, plant morphology, naming basis, applications, producing region, efficacy

中图分类号: 

  • R281.2