主 办:北 京 中 医 药 大 学
ISSN 1006-2157 CN 11-3574/R

北京中医药大学学报 ›› 2017, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (7): 613-620.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-2157.2017.07.015

• 针灸 • 上一篇    

曲意之气:针刺究竟补泻了什么

姜姗, 赵京生   

  1. 中国中医科学院针灸研究所 北京 100700
  • 收稿日期:2017-02-20 出版日期:2017-07-10 发布日期:2017-07-10
  • 通讯作者: 赵京生,男,硕士,教授,博士生导师,研究方向:针灸基础理论、针灸学术史, E-mail:kxy2761@sina.com
  • 作者简介:姜姗,女,在读博士生。
  • 基金资助:
    国家重点基础研究发展计划(973计划)资助项目(No.2013CB532006), 中国中医科学院博士研究生创新人才培养基金资助项目(No.CX201607)

Aggrieved qi: What does needling supplement and draining*

JIANG Shan, ZHAO Jingsheng#   

  1. Institute of Acupuncture and Moxibustion, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing 100700, China
  • Received:2017-02-20 Online:2017-07-10 Published:2017-07-10
  • Supported by:
    National Key Basic Research Program of China (973 Program) (No.2013CB532006), Innovative Talent Training Fund for Doctoral Candidate of China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences (No.CX201607)

摘要: 补泻刺法源于《黄帝内经》,在后世得到了丰富的发展,这于统编《针灸学》教材及术语规范等文本中有所体现。但过于繁复多样的补泻刺法实不利于其要义的传达与运用。梳理现代对补泻的定义与分类,提出解决这一问题的必要性;通过对《黄帝内经》中针刺补泻载述的研究,提出补泻刺法的本义实为顺势思维的质朴体现;而其愈渐玄化的原因,在于对“气”的理解失当。在解读经文的过程中,应特别注意对古代思想与语言特点的把握,辨析其中观念论述与经验记述两类内容,避免混淆理解与运用的谬误。

关键词: 针刺, 补泻, 内经,

Abstract: The needling methods of supplementation and draining derived from Huangdineijing (Huangdi’s Internal Classic) and have been developed greatly in the later, which is reflected in unified compiled textbook-Acupuncture-Moxibustion and some texts related to terminological standardization. However, supplementation-draining needling methods are excessively complicated and their original intention is hindered to be inherited and applied. On the base of analyzing modern definition and sorts of supplementation-draining needling methods, the necessity of solving the problem has been raised. After study on the content of supplementation-draining needling methods in Huangdineijing, the authors propose that the original intention is a plain embody of homeopathic thinking. The reason of mysterious development of the methods is clarified as misunderstanding to the concept of qi. It is believed that, in interpretation of ancient medical texts, the ancient thoughts and language features should be paid special attention to. Idea expositions and experience records should be identified for avoiding mistakes in comprehension and application.

Key words: needling, supplement and draining, Huangdineijing (Huangdi’s Internal Classic), qi

中图分类号: 

  • R245