主 办:北 京 中 医 药 大 学
ISSN 1006-2157 CN 11-3574/R

北京中医药大学学报 ›› 2017, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (12): 987-992.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-2157.2017.12.004

• 理论研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

藏医体质量表的研制和初步评价*

罗辉1,2, 仲格嘉1, 才项仁增1, 王琦2#   

  1. 1 中国藏学研究中心藏医药研究所 北京 100101; 2 北京中医药大学中医体质与生殖医学研究中心
  • 收稿日期:2017-07-12 出版日期:2017-12-10 发布日期:2017-12-10
  • 通讯作者: #王琦,男,教授,博士生导师,研究方向:中医体质学,E-mail:wangqi710@126.com
  • 作者简介:罗辉,男,在读博士生,助理研究员
  • 基金资助:
    *国家自然科学基金资助项目(No.81704197),北京中医药大学基本科研业务费在读研究生资助项目(No. 2017-JYB-XS-012),中国藏学研究中心2016年度科研课题和业务资助项目

Development and primary evaluation of the Tibetan Medicine constitution questionnaire*

LUO Hui1,2, ZHONG Gejia1, CAIXIANG Renzeng1, WANG Qi2#   

  1. 1 Institute for Tibetan Medicine, China Tibetology Research Center, Beijing 100101, China;
    2 Constitution and Reproductive Medicine Research Center, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100029, China
  • Received:2017-07-12 Online:2017-12-10 Published:2017-12-10

摘要: 目的 研制藏医体质量表,为藏医体质类型的辨识提供量化的工具。方法 运用国际通用量表研制的程序化方法,以藏医理论为指导,基于藏医《四部医典》和其他古籍的记载,通过对12名藏医专家的问卷咨询确定条目,建立量表初稿,然后通过对15例成年人的语言测试进一步修改量表,最后采用修改后的量表开展了300例18~65岁成年人的人群横断面预调查。采用条目分析、内部一致性信度和内容效度等评价量表的性能,统计调查结果。结果 藏医体质量表分为隆、赤巴、培根3个亚量表,共37个条目,涉及生理功能、心理性格、病理特征、适应能力4个维度。3个亚量表的克朗巴哈α系数分别为0.7159、0.6914和0.7022。专家对量表各条目的共识度均在83.3%(10/12)以上。结论 运用量表研制方法对藏医体质进行规范化研究具有一定的可行性,藏医体质量表有待于进一步完善。

关键词: 藏医体质, 量表, 研制, 性能评价, 流行病学调查

Abstract: Objective To develop the Tibetan Medicine constitution questionnaire (TMCQ) in order to provide a standardized instrument for the identification of Tibetan Medicine’s constitutional types. Methods International standardized work flow for scale development was applied in the study. Under the guidance of Tibetan Medicine theory, items for the questionnaire were developed based on account of the records from Tibetan Medical classics and suggestions of 12 Tibetan Medicine experts, to devise the first draft of the questionnaire. Next, we recruited 15 adults to have a test of the draft to evaluate its linguistic accuracy, based on which, the draft was modified. Then a cross-sectional survey involving 300 adults aging from 18 to 65 was conducted by using the modified questionnaire. The quality of the questionnaire was evaluated by using item analysis, internal consistency reliability and content validity tests. Results The TMCQ could be divided into three sub-scales: rlung type, mkhris-pa type and bad-kan type. It contained 37 items covering four dimensions including physiological function, psychological feature and character, pathological characteristics and adaptability to environment. The Cronbach α coefficients of the three sub-scales were 0.7159, 0.6914, and 0.7022. Twelve Tibetan Medicine experts’ consensus degree was over 83.3% (10/12) on each item of TMCQ. Conclusion It is feasible to apply methods of scale development to the standardization study of Tibetan constitutional medicine although the TMCQ needs to be further improved.

Key words: body constitution of Tibetan Medicine, questionnaire, development, quality evaluation, section-cross study

中图分类号: 

  • R291.408