主 办:北 京 中 医 药 大 学
ISSN 1006-2157 CN 11-3574/R

JOURNAL OF BEIJIGN UNIVERSITY OF TRADITIONAL CHINE ›› 2015, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (1): 63-67.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-2157.2015.01.014

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Risk factors and TCM syndrome elements:a comparison of stroke patients with / without extracranial artery stenosis

JI Shao-zhen1,ZHANG Yun-ling2#,ZHANG Zhi-chen2,ZHAO Hui2,SHOU Hao-chang2,GAO Fang2,WANG Chao-xin2,WANG Jian-wei1,LI Tao1,YANG Yang3,JIA Bei1,HAO Ying1,ZHANG Zhi-jun5,YANG Xiu-quan4,ZHANG Yong-shun6,WU Hao7   

  1. 1 Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100029;
    2 Dongfang Hospital Affiliated to Beijing University of Chinese Medicine;
    3 Shunyi Hospital of Beijing TCM Hospital;
    4 Puhuangyu Community Health Service Center, Fengtai District;
    5 Wangzuo Community Health Service Center, Fengtai District;
    6 Huaxiang Community Health Service Center, Fengtai District;
    7 Fangzhuang Community Health Service Center, Fengtai District
  • Received:2014-09-12 Online:2015-01-30 Published:2015-01-30

Abstract: Objective To provide the evidence for prevention and treatment of cerebrovascular diseases by studying the correlation between extracranial artery stenosis (EAS)and the risk factors of the stroke. Methods 1 784 patients who had history of stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) were divided into EAS group(n=259) and non-EAS group (n=1 525), and risk factors of stroke, TCM symptoms, tongue manifestation and pulse palpation were observed. Results The proportions of patients having history of TIA, taking little physical exercise and light physical labor in non-EAS group were higher than those in EAS group; the proportions of patients having history of stroke, suffered by high fasting blood-glucose concentration, and using tobacco in EAS group were higher than those in non-EAS group (P<0.05 or P<0.01). There was no significant difference in TCM syndrome elements between the two groups (P>0.05),however, incidence of single TCM symptoms, such as dark purple lips, physically clumsy and urine clear in large amounts showed significant difference in both groups. Conclusion EAS has high correlation with stroke, high fasting blood-glucose concentration. The major syndrome elements of stroke with TIA are fire, qi deficiency, yin deficiency, blood stasis, phlegm, yang deficiency. EAS has no effects on the types and distribution of TCM syndrome elements.

Key words: extracranial artery stenosis, stroke, transient ischemic attack, risk factors of the stroke, TCM syndrome elements

CLC Number: 

  • R255.2