主 办:北 京 中 医 药 大 学
ISSN 1006-2157 CN 11-3574/R

JOURNAL OF BEIJIGN UNIVERSITY OF TRADITIONAL CHINE ›› 2015, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (6): 413-419.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-2157.2015.06.011

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A survey of Chinese public knowledge about Traditional Chinese Medicine*

XU Si-qun1, JIN Qi1, WANG Hui1, LI Zi2, JIANG Xiang1, LYU Mei1, TAN Wei1#   

  1. 1 Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100029;
    2 China National Health Development Research Center, State Health and Family Planning Commission
  • Received:2014-12-23 Online:2015-06-15 Published:2015-06-15

Abstract: Objective To understand Chinese public knowledge of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) and offer references for general education approaches. Methods Based on government guideline and previous research, a questionnaire was designed and distributed randomly among Chinese residents in the country. Among the 1,800 questionnaires distributed, 1,486 was returned with 1,050 valid ones identified. The questionnaire consisted of seven demographic items including gender and ages; it also included seventeen items of general TCM knowledge such as the nature of TCM discipline, advantages of TCM, and common sense of health care in TCM. SPSS 20.0 software was used to analyze the data obtained. Mean and standard deviation (SD) was calculated for normal distribution and the homogeneity of variance test. One-way ANOVA analysis was used to compare differences between groups. LSD test was conducted for homogeneous variance and Tamhance’T2 test for heterogeneous results. Results Chinese public knowledge about TCM was overall limited. Average score ()of all 17 questions was 2.07 (SD=0.53). The best known item was precautions for decoction administration(=2.47)while the worst known one was about theory of five phases(=1.78). Comparison among groups indicated that students knew the most about TCM when compared with peasants(P<0.001,Δaverage=6.125); Difference was the most significant between groups of different incomes (5 000-999 RMB/month vs. 1 000-4 999 RMB/month, P<0.001,Δaverage=2.870). Health status over the past year influenced the public’s knowledge as there was a significant difference between “I have been feeling better” and “I have been feeling worse” groups (P<0.001,Δaverage=7.058) Conclusions Chinese public knowledge about TCM was generally limited. General education is in urgent need to provide systematic training to help the public know more about TCM philosophy and basic theories. Educators need to work from the grass to promote public’s health care and benefit social awareness. The quantitative assessment of TCM general education also merits improvement. This study proves to be a positive innovation.

Key words: Chinese residents, TCM general education, knowledge

CLC Number: 

  • R211