主 办:北 京 中 医 药 大 学
ISSN 1006-2157 CN 11-3574/R

JOURNAL OF BEIJIGN UNIVERSITY OF TRADITIONAL CHINE ›› 2016, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (10): 797-801.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-2157.2016.10.001

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Origin of TCM pulse diagnosis——medical knowledge derivation of “pulse” and origin of textual research of pulse sphygmology*

CHEN Xinran, WANG Tianfang#   

  1. Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100029
  • Received:2016-05-13 Online:2016-10-30 Published:2016-10-30

Abstract: According to Chinese character pattern analysis of “pulse”(Chinese: 脉) in Shuo Wen Jie Zi, its original meaning referred to the road of drainage in the natural environment, and it was extended to the TCM concept of organ of blood circulation of human body. The original meaning and extended meaning implied the TCM concept of “correspondence between man and nature” and “analogy by classification”. And throughout ancient historical books as well as the pre-Qin ancient medical literature and unearthed literature related to the content of the vein, the analysis of blood, qi, meridians of arteries and veins, pulse condition, pulse-taking in the early days of TCM theory of derivative and application, comprehensive comparison and each card entries, we found “pulse” was first recorded in Guo Yu in the early Warring States period. Through observation of the natural universe and the human body, the concept of “blood pulse” (Chinese: 血脉) began to emerge, in the medical literature Zhangjiashan Bamboo Slips Mai Shu and Mawangdui Silk Texts Zu Bi Jing. The theoretical system of classification of diseases by pulse and diagnosis of diseases by pulse was established, ran through the whole meridian theory, in which “distinguish based on different pulse conditions” showed the embryonic form of pulse diagnosis in early China.

Key words: pulse diagnosis, origin of pulse examination, ancient literature of TCM sphygmology, meridian, pulse condition, pulse, textual criticism

CLC Number: 

  • R241.1