主 办:北 京 中 医 药 大 学
ISSN 1006-2157 CN 11-3574/R

JOURNAL OF BEIJIGN UNIVERSITY OF TRADITIONAL CHINE ›› 2017, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (10): 817-824.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-2157.2017.10.005

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How traditional Chinese medicine views the body and nurtures life with physical exercises*

LI Youqiang   

  1. Shanghai University of Sport, Shanghai 200438, China
  • Received:2017-05-02 Online:2017-10-10 Published:2017-10-10
  • Supported by:
    National Philosophy and Social Science Foundation (No.16BTY094)

Abstract: Compared with the body views in traditional Confucius and Daoism, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has broken through the traditional concept of “body and mind” and “mind is greater than the body”, putting the biological body in the ontological position. TCM views the body from the following three aspects: anatomical body focusing on physiological structure; qi-movement body focusing on movement; and emotional body focusing on emotional status. The anatomical body view corresponds to “neither internal nor external cause” and is against risky physical activities. It advocates sport safety to avoid any potential risk of injury. The qi-movement body view corresponds to “external cause” and advocates physical activities in line with the solar terms rather than otherwise. Emotional body view corresponds to “internal cause” and advocates common mild physical activities. It is against emerging stimulant sports. Therefore Daoyin is considered as the optimal form of exercise for nurturing life. Although those intense stimulant sports are not advocated in TCM body view, there is still room for these types of physical activities to exist, as the logic of TCM body view is to harmonize and regulate all physical activities.

Key words: TCM, body, sports, life nurturing

CLC Number: 

  • R212