主 办:北 京 中 医 药 大 学
ISSN 1006-2157 CN 11-3574/R

JOURNAL OF BEIJIGN UNIVERSITY OF TRADITIONAL CHINE ›› 2018, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (3): 248-252.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-2157.2018.03.012

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TCM constitutions and depression-anxiety status in crew of high-speed rail trains of Beijing Railways: a survey and a correlation study*

Jiang Min, Ding Jinfang, Song Qingkun, Wu Xin   

  1. Beijing Shijitan Hospital, Capital University of Medical Sciences, Beijing 100038, China
  • Received:2016-11-15 Online:2018-03-30 Published:2018-03-30
  • Supported by:
    *Chinese Medicine Science and Technology Development Foundation of Beijing (No. JJ2015-18)

Abstract: Objective To survey TCM constitutions in crew of high-speed rail trains of Beijing Railways, and analyze the correlation between different constitutions and depression-anxiety status. Methods TCM constitutions and depression-anxiety status were surveyed through cluster sampling and questionnaire by using Zung self-rating depressive scale (Zung’s SDS) and Zung self-rating anxiety scale (Zung’s SAS) in crew of high-speed rail trains of Beijing Railways. The characteristics of TCM constitutions and correlation between TCM constitutions and depression-anxiety status were analyzed. Results The crew with yang deficiency constitution (including those with accompanied yang deficiency constitution) accounted for 47.0%, those with qi deficiency constitution (including those with accompanied qi deficiency constitution), 42.3%, with qi depression constitution (including those with accompanied qi depression constitution), 40.9%, with yin deficiency constitution (including those with accompanied yin deficiency constitution), 31.7%, with phlegm-dampness constitution (including those with accompanied phlegm-dampness constitution), 30.6%, with blood stasis constitution (including those with accompanied blood stasis constitution), 28.1%, with damp-heat constitution (including those with accompanied damp-heat constitution), 14.6%, with specific constitution (including those with accompanied specific constitution), 12.1%, and with normal constitution, 3.9%. All constitutional types were significantly correlated to depression-anxiety status (P<0.05). The incidence of anxiety was lower in crew with normal constitution, and increased significantly in those with 8 deflective constitutions including qi deficiency, yang deficiency, yin deficiency, phlegm-dampness, damp-heat, blood stasis, qi depression and specific constitutions (P<0.005 or P<0.001). The risk of depression in those with qi deficiency constitution was 2 times as much as in those without qi deficiency constitution (OR=2.03, 95%CI: 1.05-3.94). Qi deficiency constitution was significantly correlated to anxiety (OR=1.95, 95%CI: 1.07-3.56). Conclusion The yang deficiency constitution (including those with accompanied yang deficiency constitution) and qi deficiency constitution (including those with accompanied qi deficiency constitution) are most common constitutions in crew of high-speed rail trains of Beijing Railways. The adjustment of these two constitutions may be a thinking train and method for controlling depression-anxiety status in crew of high-speed rail trains of Beijing Railways, which can be an important content in occupational health guardianship.

Key words: crew of high-speed rail trains of Beijing Railways, constitution, depression, anxiety, correlation

CLC Number: 

  • R277.7