主 办:北 京 中 医 药 大 学
ISSN 1006-2157 CN 11-3574/R

JOURNAL OF BEIJIGN UNIVERSITY OF TRADITIONAL CHINE ›› 2018, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (4): 269-273.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-2157.2018.04.001

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Clinical thinking pattern in integrated Chinese and Western medicine based on five diagnostic methods and ten principles*

Song Ming, Chen Jiaxu#   

  1. Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100029, China
  • Received:2017-11-20 Online:2018-04-30 Published:2018-04-30
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China (No.81473597、81630104), Municipal Natural Science Foundation of Beijing (No.7152093)

Abstract: Four diagnostic methods (inspection, listening and smelling, inquiry, and palpation) in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) help diagnose common symptomatic diseases and thus give clue to the corresponding treatments. However, they are of less diagnostic value as to pre-symptomatic states and some psychological diseases in which Western medicine diagnostic technology does better in early detection. Thus, integrating modern laboratory examination into TCM diagnostic system could facilitate integration and development of TCM and Western medicine. Based on modern development and ancient experiences, this study proposes that there are five diagnostic methods and ten principles in modernized TCM diagnostic system. Five diagnostic methods are inspection, listening and smelling, inquiry, palpation, and examination; Ten principles are yin-yang, cold-heat, deficiency-excess, exterior-interior, and explicit-implicit principles. This proposal may help provide a new thinking pattern to standardize TCM diagnosis process, and facilitate integration and development of TCM and modern medicine.

Key words: five diagnostic methods and ten principles, integrated Chinese and Westem medical diagnosis, modernization, objectification, explicit-implicit

CLC Number: 

  • R241