主 办:北 京 中 医 药 大 学
ISSN 1006-2157 CN 11-3574/R

JOURNAL OF BEIJIGN UNIVERSITY OF TRADITIONAL CHINE ›› 2018, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (4): 279-283.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-2157.2018.04.003

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Denotation of “ke” and changes of its meaning*

Ning Jing   

  1. School of Chinese Culture Studies,Beijing University of Chinese Medicine,Beijing 100029,China
  • Received:2017-06-02 Online:2018-04-30 Published:2018-04-30
  • Supported by:
    National Social Science Foundation of China(No.11BYY068)

Abstract: “Ke (髁)” is a commonly used but also often misunderstood word in modern biomedicine and traditional Chinese medicine. The author tried to clarify its meaning by analyzing texts of ancient Chinese classics, investigating objects, connecting cognates. The original meaning of “ke” refers to the two circular iliac prominence attached to the sacrum. Its extended meaning is kneecap or the oval enlargement at the bone end, corresponding to condyle in English and condylus in Latin. “Ke” is also used sometimes to refer to “huai (踝)” (ankle bone). However, meanings of “ke” as femur, coccyx and hip bone in some dictionaries are all misinterpretation.

Key words: condyle, terms of traditional Chinese medicine, textual research of nomenclature

CLC Number: 

  • R223