主 办:北 京 中 医 药 大 学
ISSN 1006-2157 CN 11-3574/R

JOURNAL OF BEIJIGN UNIVERSITY OF TRADITIONAL CHINE ›› 2018, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (6): 451-454.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-2157.2018.06.002

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The functional symptoms of Jin in TCM*

Xu Yang1, Zhang Jianxiong2, Zhang Qiming3#, Wang Quannian1, Wang Yiguo3, Lyu Jian3, Shi Yingjie4   

  1. 1. Ningxia Medical University, Ningxia 751400, China;2. Department of Respiratory Medicine, Beijing Friendship Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University, Beijing 100050, China;
    3. Institute of Basic Research in Clinical Medicine, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing 100700, China;
    4. Shaanxi University of Chinese Medicine, Shaanxi 712046, China
  • Received:2018-02-07 Online:2018-06-30 Published:2018-06-30
  • Supported by:
    China Food and Drug Administration Project(No.Z0464);The 10th Batch of Independent Research Projects, Institute of Basic Research in Clinical Medicine, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences(No.Z0468)

Abstract: From textbooks for TCM universities and colleges, 30 TCM foundational symptoms of Jin (sinew) were selected in accordance with the TCM understanding of “liver storing blood and nourishing sinew”, and symptoms, physiology, and pathology of external wind patterns. 30 symptoms includes dazzle, blindness, ophthalmic nystagmus, tinnitus, epicophosis, frequent blink, upward staring eyes, single eyelid ptosis, tongue tremor, tongue stiffness, tongue crook, lockjaw, neck stiffness, shoulder shrugging and head jerking, facial paralysis, frequent wink, numbness, vertigo, gait abnormality(sensational ataxic gait), vestibular nystagmus, limb tremor, limb convulsion, limb spasm, muscular twitching, limb wriggling, opisthotonos, flaccid paralysis, spastic paralysis, limb stiffness, and hemiplegia. Corresponding to Jin in TCM, the biomedical concept may refer to visual, auditory, equilibrium, superficial sensory, deep sensory signal pathways, and the motion signal pathways dominating skeletal muscle movement. The specific function of Jin are to transmit the visible, audible, equilibratory sensation, superficial sensation, deep sensory signals, and the motion signals dominating skeletal muscle movement.

Key words: Jin, anatomic structure, specific function, functional symptom, diagnosis of TCM

CLC Number: 

  • R223.1