主 办:北 京 中 医 药 大 学
ISSN 1006-2157 CN 11-3574/R

JOURNAL OF BEIJIGN UNIVERSITY OF TRADITIONAL CHINE ›› 2018, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (7): 537-541.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-2157.2018.07.002

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Connotation of heart desiring soft and application of supplementation-draining theory in Huangdi Neijing (Yellow Emperor’s Internal Classic)*

Wang Ranran, HE Juan#   

  1. School of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100029, China
  • Received:2018-01-19 Online:2018-07-30 Published:2018-07-30
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 81273874), 2015 Beijing Teaching Master Program

Abstract: The theory of supplementation and draining according to desire of five viscera, from Suwen · Zangqi Fashi Lun (Plain Questions · On Visceral Qi and Seasons), is an important theoretical base for guiding visceral medication, in particular for desire of five viscera and medication laws. In desire of five viscera, the connotation of heart desiring soft is hard to understand compared with desire of other 4 viscera. Heart is characterized by fire and has physical characteristics of heating the superior and flaring up. But Suwen said heart desiring soft, and physicians of all dynasties had no clear comments on this, and later generations feel puzzled. In this paper, the connotation of heart desiring soft is explained from 3 aspects, heart controlling mental activities (characterized by soft and lenience), heart controlling blood vessels (characterized by soft and fluent) and heart opening into tongue (characterized by soft and flexible). The medication laws for heart desiring soft with salty supplementation and sweet draining are interpreted, and viewpoints are promoted, including salty medicinal can impair hyperactive heart yang, which is called supplementation and actually is draining, and sweet medicinal can inspire declined heart yang, which is called draining and actually is supplementation.

Key words: Huangdi Neijing (Yellow Emperor’s Internal Classic), heart desiring soft, supplementation by salt, draining by sweet

CLC Number: 

  • R221.1