主 办:北 京 中 医 药 大 学
ISSN 1006-2157 CN 11-3574/R

JOURNAL OF BEIJIGN UNIVERSITY OF TRADITIONAL CHINE ›› 2018, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (7): 605-610.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-2157.2018.07.013

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A randomized controlled trial on smoking cessation by acupuncture*

Wang Yingying1, Liu Chao2,3, Wu Yuan1, Tong Shuai4, Su Li4, Yuan Guihong, Jing Jumei5, Zhang Lu6, Yang Jinsheng1,7#   

  1. 1 Institute of Acupuncture and Moxibustion, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing 100700, China;
    2 Center for Tobacco Epidemiology and Smoking Cessation, China-Japan Friendship Hospital, Beijing 100029, China;
    3 Cooperation Center for Smoking Cessation and Respiratory Disease Prevention of WHO, Beijing 100029;
    4 Haidian Hospital of Beijing City, Beijing 100080, China;
    5 Chinese Medical Hospital of Jintan City, Changzhou 213200, China;
    6 Xiyuan Hospital, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing 100091, China;
    7 Shaanxi University of Chinese Medicine, Shaanxi 712046, China
  • Received:2018-01-30 Online:2018-07-30 Published:2018-07-30
  • Supported by:
    Special Scientific Research Fund of Traditional Chinese Medicine Profession of China (No.201307014),Beijing Science and Technology Development Foundation of Traditional Chinese Medicine (No. JJ2018-97)

Abstract: Objective To review smoking cessation by acupuncture and its curative effect on abstinence symptoms. Methods The volunteers trying to quit smoking were divided, according to central randomization (1∶1), into acupuncture group and nicotine patch group (patch group), and a randomized controlled trial was applied. The acupuncture group was given quit-smoking intervention by needling in Baihui (GV20), Lieque (LU7), Hegu (LI4), Zushanli (ST36), Sanyinjiao (SP6) and Taichong (LR3), and acupuncture manipulation was of neutral supplementation and draining. Meanwhile electro-acupuncture apparatus was used to stimulate Lieque (LU7) and Zushanli (ST36) with continuous wave (15 Hz) for 30 min for 3 times a week. The patch group was given quit-smoking intervention with nicotine patches. All groups were intervened for 8 weeks and followed up for 16 weeks. The difference in abstinence rate based on expiratory CO content at 24-h time point was compared between 2 groups. The score changes of Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND), heaviness of smoking index (HSI), Minnesota Nicotine Withdrawal Scale (MNWS) and Brief Questionnaire of Smoking Urges (QSU-Brief) were compared by using intentional statistical analysis. Results There were totally 200 cases chosen, and at the end of follow-up, there were 30 missed in acupuncture group and 27 in patch group. There were no adverse events observed in 2 groups. After intervention for 8 weeks, the abstinence rate based on expiratory CO content at 24-h time point was 36.00% in acupuncture group and 46.00% in patch group (P>0.05). During 24-week follow-up period, the abstinence rate was 43.00% in acupuncture group and 44.00% in patch group (P>0.05). After intervention for 8 weeks, the difference in FTND, HIS, MNWS and QSU-Brief had no statistical significance between 2 groups (P>0.05). During 24-week follow-up period, the difference in FTND, HIS, MNWS and QSU-Brief had no statistical significance between 2 groups (P>0.05). Conclusion Acupuncture is a safe and effective intervening measure for smoking cessation, and can effectively relieve abstinence symptoms.

Key words: acupuncture, smoking cessation, curative effect, abstinence rate

CLC Number: 

  • R246.9