主 办:北 京 中 医 药 大 学
ISSN 1006-2157 CN 11-3574/R

JOURNAL OF BEIJING UNIVERSITY OF TRADITIONAL CHINESE MEDICINE ›› 2020, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (4): 269-274.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-2157.2020.04.001

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On the formation of the genuine qi root theory in Huangdi Neijing

Shi Lingsheng, He Juan#   

  1. School of Chinese Medicine, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing 102488, China
  • Received:2019-10-31 Online:2020-04-30 Published:2020-05-14
  • Contact: Prof. He Juan, Doctoral Supervisor. School of Chinese Medicine, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Intersection of Yangguang South Street and Baiyang East Road, Fangshan District, Beijing 102488, China. E-mail:hejuan6428@sina.com

Abstract: Genuine qi (Zhen qi) is the core concept of qi root theory in Huangdi Neijing (Huangdi’s Internal Classic). It has unique philosophical connotations in the root theory and historical origins in ancient China. The original denotation of “zhen” refers to the process that pearls gradually accumulate and form in the oysters. This Chinese character had been used to refer to “the uncarved and innocent nature”. Daode Jing and Zhuangzi, the representative books of Taoism in the Warring States Period, were the first ones to use the word “Zhen” when discussing the root philosophical thoughts, which was considered as the origin of the philosophical origin of genuine qi. And under the influence of ideological trend of “Tao and Qi as one” at the late stage of the Warring States Period, the philosophical connotation of “Zhen” and qi theory was integrated theoretically. The earliest extant compound word “Zhen qi” was first found in Huangdi Neijing, which inherited the Taoist Root thoughts about “Zhen”, and supplemented the concrete embodiment of genuine qi in all aspects of life activities, and thus established an ontological view of genuine qi theory.

Key words: zhen qi, the root theory, taoism, qi theory, Tao and Qi as one

CLC Number: 

  • R221