主 办:北 京 中 医 药 大 学
ISSN 1006-2157 CN 11-3574/R

JOURNAL OF BEIJING UNIVERSITY OF TRADITIONAL CHINESE MEDICINE ›› 2020, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (6): 498-507.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-2157.2020.06.010

• Clinical Studies • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Analysis of distribution characteristics of TCM body constitution types in Chinese population based on data of 108 015 cases*

Bai Minghua1,2, Wang Ji1,2, Zheng Yanfei1,2, Li Yingshuai1,2, Hou Shujuan1,2, Li Lingru1,2, Zhang Yan2, Wang Qi1,2#   

  1. 1 School of Chinese Medicine, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100029, China;
    2 National Institute of TCM Constitution and Preventive Medicine, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100029, China
  • Received:2019-11-22 Published:2020-07-06
  • Contact: Prof. Wang Qi, Chief Physician, Doctoral Supervisor, Academician of Chinese Academy of Engineering, Master of Chinese Medicine. Beijing University of Chinese Medicine. No. 11 Beisanhuan Donglu Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100029. E-mail: wangqi710@126.com
  • Supported by:
    Major Consultation and Research Projects Funded by Chinese Academy of Engineering (No. 2017-ZD-06); National Key Research and Development Program of China (No. 2020YFC2003100)

Abstract: Objective To collect data of TCM body constitution of Chinese population aged 15 and above, and to analyze and describe the distribution characteristics of their TCM body constitution types. Methods Data of 108 015 cases were collected using Constitution in Chinese Medicine Questionnaire (for Adults) and Constitution in Chinese Medicine Questionnaire (for the Elderly) via the internet and terminal equipment, and distribution characteristics of body constitution types were analyzed from such perspectives as the whole sample population, gender, age and region. In addition, the representativeness and distribution of data were analyzed with χ2 test. Results There was statistically significant difference in sex ratio but not in age structure between the sample population and the whole population of China in 2015. In the sample population on the whole, the proportion of people with gentleness (balanced) constitution type was 28.98%, and those with 8 imbalanced constitution types accounted for 71.02%, the top three types being yang-deficiency type (16.41%), qi-deficiency type (13.18%) and wetness-heat (damp-heat) type (10.23%). In the 15-64 age group, those with gentleness constitution type made up 28.80%, and those with 8 imbalanced constitution types 71.20%, the top three types being yang-deficiency type (16.75%), qi-deficiency type (13.57%) and wetness-heat type (11.30%). In the group aged above 64, people with gentleness constitution type added up to 30.25%, and those with 8 imbalanced types 69.75%, the top three types being yin-deficiency type (14.04%), yang-deficiency type (13.97%), and phlegm-wetness (phlegm-damp) type (10.70%), followed by qi-deficiency type (10.39%). There were significant differences in body constitution type distribution between different gender, age and region groups. Conclusion The age structure of the sample population is consistent with that of the whole population of China in 2015, meaning the former is representative of the latter from this perspective. The proportion of people with gentleness constitution type in each age group was smaller than 1/3 of the whole group and smaller than that 10 years ago, while the proportion of those with imbalanced constitution types increased. The top 3 imbalanced types in the whole sample population were yang-deficiency type, qi-deficiency type and wetness-heat type, the sequence of which was different from that 10 years ago. Constitution distribution patterns were different for different gender, age and region groups.

Key words: TCM body constitution, constitution in Chinese medicine questionnaire, distribution characteristics

CLC Number: 

  • R2-03