主 办:北 京 中 医 药 大 学
ISSN 1006-2157 CN 11-3574/R

JOURNAL OF BEIJING UNIVERSITY OF TRADITIONAL CHINESE MEDICINE ›› 2020, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (9): 776-779.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-2157.2020.09.012

• Clinical Studies • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Relationship between insomnia and kidney in Huangdi Neijing*

Tian Dong, Xi Chongcheng, Liao Shuqin, Huang Junwei, Shi Yanhao, Liu Jintao, Zhang Ning, Wang Weiguang, Chen Zijie, Zhai Shuangqing#   

  1. Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100029
  • Received:2020-03-13 Published:2020-09-29
  • Contact: Prof. Zhai Shuangqing, Ph.D., Doctoral Supervisor. Beijing University of Chinese Medicine. No. 11 Beisanhuan Donglu Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100029. E-mail: zsq2098@163.com
  • Supported by:
    National Key R&D Programmes, Ministry of Science and Technology of China (No. 2018YFC1704100, No. 2018YFC1704105)

Abstract: Although no such disease name as “不寐” (literally, insomnia) was mentioned in Huangdi Neijing (Huangdi’s Internal Classic, hereinafter referred to as Neijing), discussions on related symptoms like “目不暝” (literally, inability to close one’s eyes) and “卧不安” (literally, restless sleep) were recorded in Neijing. Based on an analysis of the discussion related to insomnia in Neijing, it is believed that the direct cause of insomnia is that phlegm-fluid retention disturbs the stomach, which in turn leads to restless sleep. The root cause of phlegm-fluid retention, however, lies in two functions of the kidney. First, the kidney controls qi transformation, whose normal function causes no phlegm-fluid retention. Second, as the kidney stores essence, whose abundance places the five zang organs in peace without phlegm-fluid retention and keeps essence and spirit in the interior resulting in sound sleep. This approach to explaining the reasons for and mechanism of insomnia in terms of the functions of the kidney not only complements the theoretical discussion of the relationship between insomnia and kidney but also provides guidance and suggestions for the treatment of insomnia based on pattern differentiation.

Key words: insomnia, Huangdi Neijing, kidney, the kidney governs qi transformation, the kidney stores essence

CLC Number: 

  • R255.9