主 办:北 京 中 医 药 大 学
ISSN 1006-2157 CN 11-3574/R

JOURNAL OF BEIJING UNIVERSITY OF TRADITIONAL CHINESE MEDICINE ›› 2020, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (10): 797-803.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-2157.2020.10.001

• Theoretical Studies •     Next Articles

On naming COVID-19 in traditional Chinese medicine*

Liu Tiegang, Bai Chen, Liu Shaoyang, Long Chaojun, Hu Li, Zhao Yansong, Yu He, Gu Xiaohong#   

  1. School of Chinese Medicine, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100029, China
  • Received:2020-03-01 Online:2020-10-30 Published:2020-11-04
  • Contact: Prof. Gu Xiaohong, Chief Physician, Doctoral Supervisor. Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, No. 11 Beisanhuan Dong Road, chaoyang District, Beijing 100029. E-mail: guxh1003@126. com
  • Supported by:
    National Key Research and Development Project(No. 2018YFC1704100, No.2018YFC1704101); Beijing Nova Program(No. Z181100006218083)

Abstract: Through review of national and regional Diagnosis and Treatment Plan of Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) and related literature, this article analyzed the characteristics of COVID-19, and probed into its TCM nomenclature, combining the naming rules for pestilence in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). The terms used for COVID-19 in TCM currently include pestilence, cold pestilence, cold-damp pestilence, cold-damp lung pestilence, damp pestilence, dampness-toxin pestilence, warm pestilence, damp-heat pestilence, lung pestilence, wind pestilence, winter pestilence, wind-warm and damp pestilence, wood pestilence, etc. COVID-19 can be generally referred to as “pestilence”in TCM; according to the nature of the symptoms and the characteristics of the pathogenesis, it can be named as “dampness-toxin pestilence” since symptoms of damp nature have maintained throughout the disease course with the pathogenesis of stasis and toxin obstruction; the name of “lung pestilence” according to disease location fails to reflect the lesion site of the disease; the name of “winter pestilence”, “wind pestilence” and “wind-warm and dampness pestilence” according to the time of onset, though in accordance with the definition of warm diseases, does not conform to the characteristics and pathological rules of the disease; according to the five elements motion and six climatic changes, it can be named as “wood pestilence”. At present, it is not suitable to name the disease only according to clinical characteristics, but with increased understanding of this disease, the nomenclature may be further improved.

Key words: novel coronavirus, pneumonia, traditional Chinese medicine, nomenclature, disease names

CLC Number: 

  • R272