主 办:北 京 中 医 药 大 学
ISSN 1006-2157 CN 11-3574/R

JOURNAL OF BEIJING UNIVERSITY OF TRADITIONAL CHINESE MEDICINE ›› 2020, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (10): 825-829.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-2157.2020.10.005

• Textual Research • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Understanding the “eight extraordinary meridians system” in the Case Records as a Guide to Clinical Practice based on the theory of “six compartments of yin and yang”*

Chen Xu, Jia Bo#   

  1. School of Basic Medicine, Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Sichuan 610075, China
  • Received:2020-03-12 Online:2020-10-30 Published:2020-11-04
  • Contact: Prof. Jia Bo, Doctoral Supervisor, Chengdu University of TCM. 37 Twelve Bridges Road, Jinniu District, Chengdu 610075. E-mail: jiabocdutcm@126.com
  • Supported by:
    National Key Basic Research and Development Plan (“973”Plan) (No.2013CB532005)

Abstract: The pattern identification of the eight extraordinary meridians reflected in the book titled Lin Zheng Zhi Nan Yi An (Case Records as a Guide to Clinical Practice) includes the theories of “six compartments of yin and yang”, “triple jiao” and “branch, root and center of six qi” in Huangdi Neijing, align with Ye Tianshi’s theory of “defense-qi-construction and blood” and “triple jiao”. The common route of Taichong meridians is from the bottom to the top, or from the root of Shaoyin through Yangming to the top of Guangming, crossing three jiao and three compartments, supplied with defense, qi, nutrient and blood by all the meridians. The essential qi is thus vaporized upwards to the brain. The defensive qi of all zang-organs in the triple jiao diverges into two pathways: one outside the vessels, or defensive qi goes out of triple jiao and flows into six fu organs; the other infusing into the vessels and converge at the extra meridians. The extra meridians are similar to lakes and rivers. They echo with the solitary organ of triple jiao. Interiorly, extra meridians unite the defense, qi, nutrient and blood, govern the three yin and three yang meridians to harmonize yin and yang, harmonize the essential qi and unite six qi; whereas exteriorly, triple jiao governs the defense, qi, fluids and humor, so as to balance heat and cold as well as yin and yang. When extra meridians and triple jiao are harmonious interiorly and exteriorly, yin-yang balance is achieved. By establishing the extra meridian system of Ye Tianshi, it can be used as reference to help us understand the physiology and pathology of traditional Chinese medicine, as well as predict, prevent, diagnosis and treatment of diseases.

Key words: eight extraordinary meridians, six compartments of yin and yang, defense qi from triple jiao, Case Records as a Guide to Clinical Practice, gasification.

CLC Number: 

  • R241