主 办:北 京 中 医 药 大 学
ISSN 1006-2157 CN 11-3574/R

JOURNAL OF BEIJING UNIVERSITY OF TRADITIONAL CHINESE MEDICINE ›› 2020, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (11): 897-902.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-2157.2020.11.003

• Textual Research • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Differentiation and modern application of “Shigao” and its confusing varieties*

Yang Shujia, Huang Zuozhen#   

  1. School of Chinese Classics,Beijing University of Chinese Medicine,Beijing 100029,China
  • Received:2019-10-26 Online:2020-11-30 Published:2020-12-08
  • Contact: Prof.Huang Zuozhen,Ph.D.,Doctoral Supervisor.Beijing University of Chinese Medicine,No.11 Beisanhuan Donglu Road,Chaoyang District,Beijing 10029.E-mail:huangzuozhen@126.com

Abstract: In ancient TCM classics,“Shigao” has been used to refer to various medicinals,and two kinds of “Shigao” are often mentioned:the soft and hard.Shigao (gypsum,Gypsum Fibrosum) and its confusing varieties are often confused as a result of similarity in alias,character and effect,as well as long-term confused use in previous dynasties.In this paper,the causes for the confusion among Shigao (gypsum,Gypsum Fibrosum) and its confusing varieties,including Lishi,Changshi,Fangjieshi,Ningshuishi and Hanshuishi,are analyzed through review of ancient literature;based on that,their relationships are teased out.Besides,the modern application of Hanshuishi and Shigao (gypsum,Gypsum Fibrosum) are explored with Fengyin Decoction as an example,so as to provide reference for interpretation of ancient books and clinical usage of Shigao (gypsum,Gypsum Fibrosum).Based on the analysis,it’s found that Lishi and Hanshuishi belong to the “soft” type,while Changshi and Fangjieshi belong to the hard type.Ningshuishi and Shigao (gypsum,Gypsum Fibrosum) share the same alias “Hanshuishi”,but they refer to different medicinals.When Zhang Zhongjing’s Fengyin Decoction is used in modern times,the ingredient “Shigao” should be Shigao (gypsum,Gypsum Fibrosum),while “Hanshuishi” can be replaced by Fangjieshi for better therapeutic effect.

Key words: Shigao (gypsum, Gypsum Fibrosum), confusing varieties, differentiation and analysis, modern application

CLC Number: 

  • R282.7