主 办:北 京 中 医 药 大 学
ISSN 1006-2157 CN 11-3574/R

JOURNAL OF BEIJING UNIVERSITY OF TRADITIONAL CHINESE MEDICINE ›› 2020, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (12): 1042-1045.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-2157.2020.12.011

• Acupuncture & Moxibustion • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Discussion on “deqi” and “qizhi” in moxibustion*

Peng Ruoxuan1, Mao Hongrong2#, Wu Sai1   

  1. 1 School of Acupuncture, Moxibustion, Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Hubei University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Hubei 430061, China;
    2 Department of Acupuncture and Moxibustion, Wuhan Hospital of Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine, Hubei 430022, China
  • Received:2020-06-14 Online:2020-12-30 Published:2021-01-05
  • Contact: Associate Prof. Mao Hongrong, Chief Physician. Wuhan Hospital of Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine. No.215 Zhongshan Avenue, Qiaokou District, Wuhan 430022. E-mail: 1838269751@qq.com
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 81590955); Scientific Research Projects funded by Wuhan Municipal Health Commission (No.EZ20D01)

Abstract: The concepts “deqi” (literally, obtaining qi) and “qizhi” (literally, arrival of qi) are not unique to acupuncture, but also relevant in moxibustion. They refer to two characteristic manifestations in the process of moxibustion therapy. “Deqi” is mainly characterized by reddening of local skin accompanied with aching distention and hot pain caused by moxibustion, but these sensations might indicate the arrival of healthy qi or pathogenic qi, and thus may not necessarily suggest the arrival of qi that cures. On the other hand, “qizhi” often involves effective relief of superficial symptoms and improvement of pulse manifestation on the basis of “deqi” clinically. For different patterns, and with different moxibustion methods, acupoints, and supplementation/drainage manipulations, the characteristics and relationships between “deqi” and “qizhi” may vary. Understanding such subtle differences helps practitioners select the appropriate acupoints and methods according to different patterns during clinical moxibustion, and also assess the efficacy of moxibustion.

Key words: moxibustion, deqi, qizhi, manipulation, acupoint, supplementation/drainage, pattern differentiation

CLC Number: 

  • R245-0