主 办:北 京 中 医 药 大 学
ISSN 1006-2157 CN 11-3574/R

JOURNAL OF BEIJING UNIVERSITY OF TRADITIONAL CHINESE MEDICINE ›› 2021, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (3): 226-231.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-2157.2021.03.006

• Theoretical Studies • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Ancient names and theoretical connotation of “menstruation”*

Wang Zilu1, Wang Yanfei1, Shi Wei2#, Li Guangwen2, Wang Dongmei2, Liu Jinxing2   

  1. 1 School of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shandong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shandong 250014, China;
    2 Affiliated Hospital of Shandong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shandong 250014, China
  • Received:2020-07-23 Online:2021-03-30 Published:2021-03-30
  • Contact: Shi Wei, Ph.D., Chief Physician, Master's Supervisor. Affiliated Hospital of Shandong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Jinan 250014. E-mail: sw19781214@163.com
  • Supported by:
    Shandong Taishan Scholar Project (No. TSQN201909185), Workshop for Inheritance from National Prestigious & Senior Chinese Traditional Medicine Expert Li Guangwen, Development Project of Workshop for Inheritance from Shandong Province Prestigious & Senior Traditional Chinese Medicine Expert Wang Dongmei (No. 2019), National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 81873330), Shandong Province Traditional Chinese Medicine Science and Technology Development Program (No. 2017-070), 2018 National Talent Training project for the Inheritance of Traditional Chinene Medicine Clinical Features

Abstract: There were many terms with different meanings to refer to menstruation in ancient books on Chinese medicine. To sort out the changes in the names of menstruation and their connotations is very important for correct understanding of the theoretical connotations of menstruation in medical literature. This article reviews a wide range of literature ranging form the four major TCM classics to important literature related to TCM gynecology in the Ming and Qing dynasties, collects and summarizes the names and interpretations of menstruation, and identifies four different theoretical connotations of the names of menstruation in different literature. Some names describe the phenomenon of uterine bleeding, some emphasize the periodic physiological phenomena of uterine bleeding, some refer solely to the blood discharged during menstruation and others mean the fine substances that run in the body to nourish the body.

Key words: name of menstruation, origin, ancient books, textual research

CLC Number: 

  • R271.11