主 办:北 京 中 医 药 大 学
ISSN 1006-2157 CN 11-3574/R

JOURNAL OF BEIJING UNIVERSITY OF TRADITIONAL CHINESE MEDICINE ›› 2021, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (6): 491-495.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1006-2157.2021.06.002

• Theoretical Studies • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Discussion of the category that skeletal muscle belongs to based on Huangdi Neijing*

LAI YE YANG1, Li Nan1,2#   

  1. 1 School of TCM, Fujian University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Fujian 350122, China;
    2 Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of TCM Orthopedics, Traumatology, and Rehabilitation, Fujian 350122, China
  • Received:2020-12-13 Online:2021-06-30 Published:2021-06-25
  • Contact: Prof. Li Nan, M.D., Fujian University of Traditional Chinese Medicine. No. 1 Qiuyang Road, Minhoushangjie Street, Fuzhou 350122. E-mail: mr.linan@126.com
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 81973880)

Abstract: Emphasis on both sinews and bones is an important guiding principle in the diagnosis and treatment of orthopedics and traumatology in traditional Chinese medicine. However, even until today, no consensus has been reached on the anatomical nature of sinews as different scholars explain its essence from different angles. The present authors believe that one of the controversies lies in skeletal muscle. Most of the time it is regarded as sinew in TCM because of its motor function. If that be the case, then the flesh of five body constituents in TCM would fail to correspond to any anatomical structure. Therefore, based on the physiological and pathological descriptions of sinew and flesh in Huangdi Neijing (Huangdi’s Internal Classic), this paper discusses the TCM category to which skeletal muscle belongs from the perspective of diagnosis and treatment of diseases. Finally, it is concluded that skeletal muscle falls into the category of muscle tissue. In terms of form, it belongs to the category of flesh and in terms of motor function, it belongs to the category of sinew. It is hoped that this understanding can complement the theory of sinews and bones and provide reference for clinical application.

Key words: Huangdi Neijing, skeletal muscle, sinew, flesh

CLC Number: 

  • R221